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The Dynamic Control of Human Actions

Florian Waszak, Anne Springer, and Wolfgang Prinz

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Human action serves two complementary purposes. On the one hand, actions are meant to achieve desired effects in the environment. On the other hand, people act as a consequence of external events, ... More


Agency and Luck

Joseph Raz

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An examination of Williams account of agent-regret leads to its supplementation, and to an explanation of why we are attached to, and responsible for, some of our actions even when we do not control ... More


Action and Motivation: The Impetus for, and Enactment of, Agile Thinking

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further broadens the scope of our window into agile thinking beyond that of the representational world of memory, categorization, and concepts (the focus of Chapters 2 and 3), and beyond ... More


Understanding Free Will and Consciousness on the Basis of Current Research Findings in Psychology

Roy F. Baumeister

in Free Will and Consciousness: How Might They Work?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195389760
eISBN:
9780199863341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes the view that consciousness and free will are real and effective phenomena. Empirical findings in psychology are used to understand how they function. Free will is said to be a ... More


How People Act and React

Roy F. Baumeister

in The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195167030
eISBN:
9780199894147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167030.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on action control. It argues that we should understand the human being as having a behavior system, which the cognitive, emotional and motivational systems may or may not ... More


Neural Bases of Actions and Habits

John P. O’Doherty and Bernard W. Balleine

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Considerable evidence suggests that the behavioral mechanisms for instrumental action selection are mediated by two distinct learning processes: a goal-directed process whereby actions are selected ... More


The Control of the Unwanted

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Boyer, and Kathleen C. McCulloch

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Intentions to do more good and less bad are reliably associated with actual efforts in the intended directions. However, the link between intention and behavior is modest, largely due to the fact ... More


Motivational Modulation of Action Control: How Interindividual Variability May Shed Light on the Motivation-Control Interface and Its Neurocognitive Mechanisms

K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Michael X Cohen, and Birte U. Forstmann

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the concepts of motivation, action control, and individual differences. It also elaborates on the processes and neural bases of online action control and illustrates the ... More


The Three Pillars of Volition: Phenomenal States, Ideomotor Processing, and the Skeletal Muscle System

Ezequiel Morsella, Tanaz Molapour, and Margaret T. Lynn

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter tackles the problem of volition from an inductive (instead of deductive) and descriptive (instead of normative) approach. In this “bottom-up” approach, a distinction is made between the ... More


Action Science: Foundations of an Emerging Discipline

Wolfgang Prinz, Miriam Beisert, and Arvid Herwig (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018555
eISBN:
9780262312974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018555.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The emerging field of action science is characterized by a diversity of theoretical and methodological approaches which share the basic functional belief that evolution has optimized cognitive ... More


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