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Detection of direction of contrast

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

D. B. acknowledged having some sort of impression or feeling when a stimulus was abruptly presented, but failed to ascribe any sense of ‘brightness’ to the experience. This led to the question of ... More


‘Waves’

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In a number of tests, D. B. reported an impression of ‘waves’ generated by some visual stimuli, especially in a ‘lively’ part of his field defect (a region between the fovea and about 30° in the ... More


Violence, Fear, and Power: The Expansion and Limitation of War

Andreas Herberg‐Rothe

in Clausewitz's Puzzle: The Political Theory of War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199202690
eISBN:
9780191707834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202690.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

What Clausewitz says about the interactions to the extreme provides the basis for the assumption that he is the theorist of destruction and the precursor of the idea of total war. But these ... More


A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

Luis López

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557400
eISBN:
9780191721229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557400.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book presents a detailed model of syntax-information structure interaction. It presents clear empirical arguments that this interaction takes place at the phase level, with a privileged role for ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


How Does Consumer Behavior Affect Marketing Policy?

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter compares different models of consumer behavior including standard economic theory and alternative behavioral theories such as prospect theory and assimilation-contrast theory. It shows ... More


Introduction

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses empiricism referring, among other things, to unremarkable experiences, of a sort which the author cannot help believing to be so extremely common that it would be ridiculous to ... More


A contrast

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses that the contrast emerges in its most marked form if one compares the notion of an experience in certain philosophical discussions with that of an a-experience. When someone ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


So what happens when you defocus?

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The first edition of Acoustic Microscopy ended with a chapter emphasizing the need to understand the contrast in terms of the variation of signal with defocus, V(z). This is a fundamental concept in ... More


Classy Pyrrhonism

Walter Sinnott‐Armstrong

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay invokes a technical framework of contrast classes within which Pyrrhonians can accept (or deny) knowledge claims that are relativized to specific contrast classes, but avoid all ... More


Enhancing Flower Colour

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The production of coloured tissues, particularly insect-attracting petals, depends upon the synthesis of pigments. Plants are able to mix, modify and enhance pigments to produce a vast array of final ... More


Why float? Floating quantifiers and focus marking *

Lisa Rochman

in The Sound Patterns of Syntax

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556861
eISBN:
9780191722271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556861.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This paper explores the connection between floating quantifiers (FQs) and information structure arguing that there is a connection between the use of an FQ and the presence of a focused element ... More


Polarization Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how polarization sensitivity is achieved in animals and how it is used in natural behavior. Arthropods are famous for their polarization sensitivity, but other animals, ... More


Repertoire-Based Methods for Detecting and Quantifying Social Transmission

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes repertoire-based methods for detecting and quantifying the social transmission of behavior based on a “snapshot” of the behavioral repertoires of individuals or groups. ... More


NEUTRON PHASE-CONTRAST AND POLARIZED NEUTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Nikolay Kardjilov

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses recent developments in neutron phase-contrast and polarized neutron tomography. Topics covered include theory of phase-contrast imaging, experimental techniques for ... More


Limits of stereoscopic vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews methods for measuring stereoacuity and the factors that influence it. Topics covered include tests of stereoscopic vision, stereoacuity-basic concepts, the upper disparity limit; ... More


Depth contrast

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

An object in one location can influence the perceived spatial disposition of an object in a neighbouring location or of an object seen successively in the same location. This chapter discusses these ... More


The Pulfrich Effect

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The processing of binocular disparity has temporal as well as spatial characteristics. This chapter discusses the question of how the visual system processes signals that arrive both at different ... More


What Birds See and What They Don’t: Luminance, Contrast, and Spatial and Temporal Resolution

William Hodos

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a psychophysical approach to studying the limits of the perceptual abilities of birds. Birds live in an extremely rich visual world that in many ways is similar to ours, but ... More


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