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Contracts and Export Behavior

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter develops simple imperfect-contracting variants of the Melitz model of exporting and discusses empirical evidence suggestive of the role of these frictions as determinants of the ... More


Impersonal Exchange and the Origin of Markets: From the Community Responsibility System to Individual Legal Responsibility in Pre‐Modern Europe

Avner Greif

in Communities and Markets in Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241019
eISBN:
9780191601217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241015.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter analyses the community responsibility system the prevailed in Europe before the rise of contract enforcement by the state. It discusses the reasons for the system’s decline and how the ... More


English Apprenticeship: A Neglected Factor in the First Industrial Revolution

Jane Humphries

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of apprenticeship in the British Industrial Revolution. The apprenticeship system contributed in four ways. First, it provided training of necessary skills in the ... More


Contracts and Sourcing: Evidence

Pol Antràs

in Global Production: Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168272
eISBN:
9781400873746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168272.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter develops empirical tests of the global sourcing model introduced in the previous chapter by using detailed data on U.S. imports by product and source country. It first uses the import ... More


From Farmers to Merchants, 750–1150

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies how literate Jewish farmers abandoned farming and became small, urban populations of skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, traders, money changers, moneylenders, scholars, and ... More


Segregation or Choice?: From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000–1500

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the argument that both their exclusion from craft and merchant guilds and usury bans on Christians segregated European Jews into moneylending during the Middle Ages. Already ... More


Entitlements and Obligations

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Market interactions are brought about by the interplay of entitlements and obligations. Entitlements are rights, as perceived by the individuals. They are subjectively perceived rights that go along ... More


The Role of Community in Economic Development

Yujiro Hayami and Yoshihisa Godo

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199272709
eISBN:
9780191602870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272700.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The community is considered the third pillar of the economic system in addition to the market and the state. The market is an organization coordinating competition among people seeking profits by ... More


In Search of Order: State Systems of Property Rights and Their Failings with Rachel Sweet Vanderpoel 1

Sandra F. Joireman

in Where There is No Government: Enforcing Property Rights in Common Law Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782482
eISBN:
9780199897209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782482.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Accepted wisdom regarding the geography of power in most African countries holds that power radiates outward from the center, with the strength of the state most pronounced in the capital and often ... More


1492 to Today: Open Questions

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This concluding chapter highlights some puzzles that punctuate Jewish history, from the mass expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492–97 to today. A growing number of scholars have ... More


Analyzing Legal Formality and Informality: Lessons from Land Titling and Microfinance Programs 1

Antara Haldar and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698547
eISBN:
9780191745522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698547.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This paper critically examines the validity of the prescriptions of conventional law and economics theory using evidence from two programs aimed at poverty alleviation through improving ... More


Were the Jews a Persecuted Minority?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the arguments set forth to explain why the Jews became a population of skilled craftsmen, traders, bankers, and physicians and why they created a worldwide urban diaspora. These ... More


A Note on Interlinked Rural Economic Arrangements

Pranab Bardhan

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The author, in a brief overview of the theoretical literature on interlinked transactions, tries to balance the efficiency advantages with the possible adverse distributional consequences.


Price Transmission in Modern Agricultural Value Chains: Some Conceptual Issues

Johan Swinnen and Anneleen Vandeplas

in Food Price Dynamics and Price Adjustment in the EU

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198732396
eISBN:
9780191796685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732396.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Econometrics

‘Modern’ agricultural markets are characterized by, among other things, quality requirements and vertical coordination. The nature of the industrial organization of the supply chains depends on a ... More


Law and Long-Term Economic Change: A Eurasian Perspective

Debin Ma and Jan Luiten van Zanden (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772730
eISBN:
9780804777612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772730.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Recently, a growing body of work on “law and finance” and “legal origins” has highlighted the role of formal legal institutions in shaping financial institutions. However, these writings have focused ... More


Introduction

Tirthankar Roy and Anand V. Swamy

in Law and the Economy in Colonial India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226387642
eISBN:
9780226387789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387789.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Indian economy has grown rapidly in the last three decades despite a weak legal system. For instance, India ranks extremely low in the ease of contract enforcement, which is usually considered a ... More


Deposit Insurance Design and Implementation: Policy Lessons from Research and Practice

Aslı Demirgüç-Kunt, Edward Kane, and Luc Laeven

in Deposit Insurance around the World: Issues of Design and Implementation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042543
eISBN:
9780262271462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042543.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter explains how deposit insurance is capable of being either explicit or implicit. The former refers to coverage that is contractual obligations, while the latter refers to coverage that is ... More


Theoretical Framework

Christine Cheng

in Extralegal Groups in Post-Conflict Liberia: How Trade Makes the State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199673346
eISBN:
9780191755910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199673346.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 2 provides an in-depth treatment of the extralegal groups framework. It sets out the post-conflict conditions in which the framework will be applied, and discusses the three stages of ... More


Economy

Marcin Wodziński

in Hasidism: Key Questions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190631260
eISBN:
9780190631291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190631260.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The self-image of Hasidism as a poor movement, typical of many religious groups in which the founding ethos of the group was in describing itself as untouched by earthly material desires, has been ... More


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