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Mastering the Sexual Self: Contraception and Sexuality 1890s–1950s

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines in detail the methods of contraception used from the 1890s to the 1950s, including abstaining from sexual intercourse. These include spermicides, condoms, diaphragms and other ... More


The Crowded Greenhouse: Population, Climate Change, and Creating a Sustainable World

John Firor and Judith Jacobsen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300093209
eISBN:
9780300133448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300093209.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This book presents the strongest possible arguments about human population, climate change, and the relationship between Earth and human beings, discussing how people on Earth should act to stabilize ... More


Family Fertility

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578092
eISBN:
9780191722424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter studies various aspects of family fertility in Taiwan and China, including the age of marriage, the duration from marriage to the first birth, mandatory vs. voluntary family planning, ... More


Contraception and Abortion Within Protestant Christianity

GLORIA H. ALBRECHT

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the issues of contraception and abortion within Protestant Christianity. It argues that Protestantism has moved in the direction of accepting the importance of family planning ... More


. Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) and the Prevention of Conception

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the most influential [United States] Supreme Court decisions of the latter part of the twentieth century in “Griswold v. Connecticut (1965).” It notes that under attack on that ... More


Churches and Moral and Social Change, 1960–1970

G.I.T. Machin

in Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217800
eISBN:
9780191678271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217800.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Within a century in which the Christian Churches had to face and adapt to an unprecedented amount of social change in Britain, the 1960s provided the most intense concentration of innovation and ... More


Family Planning: A Century of Change

Jacqueline E. Darroch

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

As the 20th century dawned, American women typically became biologically capable of conceiving children at age fifteen, were married at age twenty-two, and had an average of 3.6 children during their ... More


Teaching Birth Control on Tobacco Road and Mill Village Alley: Race, Class, and Birth Control in Public Health

Johanna Schoen

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 1930s, public health professionals launched birth control programs as part of their infant and maternal health measures. In addition to reducing infant and maternal mortality rates, offering ... More


Exogenous Hormones

JAMES V. LACEY, GRAHAM A. COLDITZ, and DAVID SCHOTTENFELD

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All ... More


Contraception and sexual health

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The pharmacy has always been a major outlet for the sale and supply of contraceptives. Given privacy concerns, the number of people who ask directly for advice about contraception is small. However, ... More


Cervical Cancer

Nathalie Ylitalo, Sherri Stuver, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A persistent infection with an oncogenic HPV type is today considered a causal factor for the occurrences of cervical cancer. A number of cofactors have been identified as possible modifiers of HPV ... More


Endometrial Cancer

Immaculata Devivo, Ingemar Persson, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endometrial cancer occurs mostly after the menopause and has an excellent prognosis. The age-standardized incidence varies at least ten-fold across countries, suggesting the strong influence of ... More


Ovarian Cancer

Penelope Webb, Dorota Gertig, and David Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Older age and family history have strong positive associations with risk of ovarian cancer, while oral contraceptive use, increased parity, breastfeeding, and tubal ligation are inversely associated ... More


Teenage Sex: A Modesty Proposal

Nona Willis Aronowitz

in The Essential Ellen Willis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681204
eISBN:
9781452949048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681204.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on the debate over sex education and whether it promotes teenage sex. The liberals argue that we should concentrate on preventing pregnancy and venereal disease by giving teens ... More


Backlash, 1973–2000

Simone M. Caron

in Who Chooses?: American Reproductive History since 1830

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031996
eISBN:
9780813039220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031996.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

Government subsidies and population control advocacy of contraception and sterilization continued through the end of the twentieth century. By the year 2000 female sterilization was the most common ... More


Continuity or Change?: Gender Policy in the Bachelet Administration

Susan Franceschet

in The Bachelet Government: Conflict and Consensus in Post-Pinochet Chile

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034751
eISBN:
9780813038186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034751.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter outlines the trajectory of three campaign promises: electoral reform and gender quotas, violence against women, and reproductive rights. The central tenet of this chapter is that ... More


Bodies of Evidence: Depo-Provera and the Public Board of Inquiry

in Bodies of Knowledge: Sexuality, Reproduction, and Women's Health in the Second Wave

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226443058
eISBN:
9780226443072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226443072.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the 1983 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Board of Inquiry hearing held to determine whether Depo-Provera should be approved for use as a hormonal contraceptive in the United ... More


Abortion

Lucas A. Powe Jr.

in America's Lone Star Constitution: How Supreme Court Cases from Texas Shape the Nation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520297807
eISBN:
9780520970014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297807.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines Supreme Court cases that were filed over the issue of abortion in Texas. Texas figured in two of the three major decisions on abortion laws in the United States: Roe v. Wade and ... More


Not Under My Roof: Parents, Teens, and the Culture of Sex

Amy T. Schalet

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226736181
eISBN:
9780226736204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226736204.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

For American parents, teenage sex is something to be feared and forbidden: most would never consider allowing their children to have sex at home, and sex is a frequent source of family conflict. In ... More


The Global Biopolitics of the IUD: How Science Constructs Contraceptive Users and Women's Bodies

Chikako Takeshita

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016582
eISBN:
9780262298452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016582.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The intrauterine device (IUD) is used by 150 million women around the world. It is the second most prevalent method of female fertility control in the global South and the third most prevalent in the ... More


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