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 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to women’s choices about contraception, sterilization, and abortion are presented. With regard to abortion, these include duration of gestation, condition of the ... More


A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church

Jean Dunbabin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222910
eISBN:
9780191678523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222910.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pierre de la Palud was a friar of aristocratic birth who was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1329. This biography follows the course of his eventful life, and exploits his copious writings to ... More


 Learning Sexuality

Mark D. Regnerus

in Forbidden Fruit: Sex and Religion in the Lives of American Teenagers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195320947
eISBN:
9780199785452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320947.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores how adolescents learn about sex and sexuality. It discusses various parental strategies for the socialization and education of children about sex and contraception, focusing on ... More


 Sexual Experience

Mark D. Regnerus

in Forbidden Fruit: Sex and Religion in the Lives of American Teenagers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195320947
eISBN:
9780199785452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320947.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on actual sexual behavior: teenagers' experience of “first sex”, their patterns of heterosexual behavior after losing their virginity, and some adolescents' regrets about sexual ... More


Islamic Ethics and Medical Sciences

Tariq Ramadan

in Radical Reform: Islamic Ethics and Liberation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331714
eISBN:
9780191720987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331714.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores Islamic ethics within the context of medical practice. It discusses medical code of ethics in the Muslim world. It addresses issues such as contraception and abortion, ... More


Sterility and Death

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

It is ironic that the culture which embraced voluntary sterility via contraception is now facing a large-scale crisis of involuntary sterility. Moral objections to contraception consistently identify ... More


The Partnerships and Practices of Emerging Adults

Mark Regnerus and Jeremy Uecker

in Premarital Sex in America: How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743285
eISBN:
9780199894741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743285.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes what is known about the sexual behavior of American young adults, beginning with the prevalence of virginity and discussion of primary reasons offered for ... More


Sexual Passion

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Clerical moralists looked upon sexual desire as the most dangerous of the passions, and most continued to preach an impractical and repressive rigorism throughout the eighteenth century. Their hatred ... More


Religious Practice

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The main religious duties imposed on the laity were regular attendance at mass and the Easter duties of communion and confession. The practice of these obligations during the eighteenth century held ... More


Depopulation and the Revival of Pronatalism in the Eighteenth Century

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Eighteenth‐century French writers became convinced that France was depopulating; this public concern was the context in which the French royal government would revive its pronatalist policy to reward ... More


Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Kate Fisher

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The early 20th century witnessed a revolution in contraceptive behaviour as the large Victorian family disappeared. This book offers a new perspective on the gender relations, sexual attitudes, and ... More


‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that the evidence for the early use of withdrawal is minimal. The argument that withdrawal (coitus interruptus) and abortion provided an effective means of birth control in the ... More


‘One Man is as Good as Another in that Respect’: Women and Sexual Abstinence

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges Carl Degler's 1970s ‘revisionist’ approach — which claims that the image of Victorian women as repressed is inaccurate — and reaffirms the importance of the ‘double standard’. ... More


Sexual Pleasure, Contraception, and Fertility Decline

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter argues that from the 1930s to the 1950s, it is probable that birth rates rose due to rising rates of coitus. Some aspects of the English experience are compared with American and ... More


Learning in Social Networks and Contraceptive Choice

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Focuses on the role of social learning in contraceptive decision‐making, and it investigates the dynamics of word‐of‐mouth communication and knowledge diffusion under different assumptions about the ... More


The Density of Social Networks and Fertility Decisions: Evidence from South Nyanza District, Kenya

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Utilizes new data gathered in South Nyanza District, Kenya, that includes egocentric social networks and measures of contraceptive prevalence among friends and investigates whether social learning or ... More


Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Daniel C. Maguire (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

As the global population continues to grow, family planning is fast becoming one of the most critical issues facing the planet. While many organizations—most prominently the United Nations—are trying ... More


Informing and Advising: Sexual Welfare

Adrian Bingham

in Family Newspapers?: Sex, Private Life, and the British Popular Press 1918-1978

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199279586
eISBN:
9780191707308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279586.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter outlines the way in which popular newspapers gradually assumed the task of informing and advising their readers about matters of sexual welfare. In the inter-war period, the popular ... More


An Adolescent Girl Seeking Sexual and Reproductive Health Care

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the case of Miss B, a fifteen-year-old young woman, who has come to Dr CD's office and asked for contraceptive care. She explains that for several months she has been sexually ... More


Sexual Assault and Emergency Contraception

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the case of Ms S, who complains that she has been sexually assaulted. She says that her boyfriend raped her and that she wants to avoid pregnancy because she is not ready to ... More


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