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Knowledge and Practical Interests

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e., by how much is at stake for that person at ... More


Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book is an exploration of the relation between knowledge, reasons, and justification. According to the primary argument of the book, you can rely on what you know in action and belief, because ... More


Pursuing Meaning

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book examines some recent answers to the questions of how and where to draw the divide between semantics (roughly, features of the literal meaning of linguistic items) and pragmatics (roughly, ... More


Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

François Recanati

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This book argues against the traditional understanding of the semantics/pragmatics divide and puts forward a radical alternative. Through half a dozen case studies, it shows that what an utterance ... More


The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


The Elusive Virtues of Contextualism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the contextualist analysis of the sceptical argument. It argues that the contextualist ‘good news’ about the availability of ordinary-context ‘knowledge’ cannot be stated given ... More


Minimal Semantics

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Seeks to defend a formal (e.g. truth-conditional) approach to semantic theorizing from advocates of so-called ‘dual pragmatics’ (e.g. relevance theorists or contextualists). I argue, first, that ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


Scepticism Comes Alive

Bryan Frances

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present in epistemology. Over the last thirty years or so, philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic. For ... More


Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

On the traditional Cartesian picture, knowledge of one's own current inner experience is the unproblematic foundation for all knowledge. The philosophical problem is to explain how we move beyond ... More


Philosophical Relativity

Peter Unger

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155532
eISBN:
9780199833818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515553X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Challenges the deeply held assumption that many of the most central philosophical problems admit of deterministic, objective solutions. The position argued for here, philosophical relativism, is the ... More


Tradition Based Moral Enquiry

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains how a contextualist can argue for rationality both within a tradition of moral enquiry and, equally importantly, across such traditions. An essential part of the latter task is ... More


Moral Belief and the Possibility of Error

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A contextualist defence of cognitivism is open to the charge that it cannot supply a convincing theory of error for when moral judgements diverge. This chapter rebuts this concern: conditions have ... More


Political Liberalism and Contextualism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter puts contextualism to work in analyzing Rawlsian liberalism. Political Liberalism marked a shift in focus in Rawls’s project from the presentation of a conception of justice and its ... More


After the Fall

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

With the help of the myth of the Garden of Eden and the fall from grace, this chapter sums up the general external perspective that the argument of the book is promoting. It is suggested that we can ... More


Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


Epistemological Contextualism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that contextualism should be adopted as the best epistemological theory on the grounds that it represents the most satisfactory response to philosophical scepticism. It sets out ... More


A Contextual Model of Moral Justification

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an application of contextualism in the specific case of moral knowledge. The overall aim is the final vindication of a contextualist account of moral justification that supports ... More


Questions about Rationality

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces the key question for the discussion of Ch. 7–11: Why is it that the dichotomy ‘rational versus irrational’ can be applied to empirical beliefs? It uses this question in order to develop a ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions and Gradability

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many expressions in natural language, such as adjectives like tall and flat, or verbs such as like and regret are gradable, meaning that they occur in comparative constructions. It makes sense to ... More


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