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The Impact of Active Leverage II: Reforming the State and the Economy, 1997–2004

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In all candidate states, the EU’s active leverage forced governments to embark on politically difficult reforms of the state and of the economy, committing politicians to a predictable agenda of ... More


Norms, Their Influence, and How They Can Be Studied

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sets out the theoretical framework of the book. It adopts a constructivist approach, which explains how norms influence behaviour and how their impact can be studied. The first section ... More


The New Institutionalism

Mark Bevir and R. A. W. Rhodes

in The State as Cultural Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580750
eISBN:
9780191723179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580750.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter examines the leading present-day expression of modernist-empiricism: the new institutionalism. First, it challenges the belief of new institutionalists that they have a shared new ... More


Moral Arguments and Natural Signs for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers a theoretical moral argument for God's existence: if there are objectively binding moral obligations, then God exists. There are such obligations. So, probably God exists. This ... More


Reading as a Sociocultural System

William A. Johnson

in Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire: A Study of Elite Communities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195176407
eISBN:
9780199775545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176407.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the question of how best to analyze the question of reading in antiquity. Reading for purposes of this study is seen not as an individual act, but as the negotiated ... More


Aulus Gellius: The Life of the Litteratus

William A. Johnson

in Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire: A Study of Elite Communities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195176407
eISBN:
9780199775545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176407.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Aulus Gellius wrote his Attic Nights for a sophisticated audience of the philologically learned. That text is here examined, again from a constructivist perspective, not only for what it tells us ... More


Ideas and the Construction of Interests

Colin Hay

in Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199736430
eISBN:
9780199866106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736430.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the ontological, analytical, and methodological distinctiveness of constructivist institutionalism, assessing the challenge it poses to those institutionalisms in whose paths ... More


Introduction

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter summarizes the themes of the book. It explains the general idea of self-constitution: that we constitute our agency by choosing our actions in accordance with the principles ... More


A Bottom-up Approach to Infant Perception and Cognition: A Summary of Evidence and Discussion of Issues

Leslie B. Cohen

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a bottom-up approach to infant perception and cognition. It provides evidence from topics ranging from infant angle perception to infant categorization and early word learning ... More


Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth‐Century Moral Philosophy

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter traces the development of one of the central debates of late 20th-century moral philosophy — the debate between realism and what Rawls called “constructivism.” It argues that realism is ... More


International Relations and National Interest

Ulrich Krotz

in Flying Tiger: International Relations Theory and the Politics of Advanced Weapons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199759934
eISBN:
9780199897193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759934.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, European Union

This chapter develops a constructivist-institutionalist model of national interest formation and foreign policy formulation. Focusing on variable constellations between the logic of ... More


Findings, Conclusions, Implications

Ulrich Krotz

in Flying Tiger: International Relations Theory and the Politics of Advanced Weapons

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199759934
eISBN:
9780199897193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759934.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, European Union

This chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and presents some concluding thoughts. Frequently highly charged with meaning and value, the historical and political processes of Franco-German ... More


Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Initially written for a conference on “objectivity” and “relativism” in ethics, this chapter distinguishes six different questions that fall under these general headings, and it comments briefly on ... More


Music and language cognition compared I: Acquisition

Aaron L. Berkowitz

in The Improvising Mind: Cognition and Creativity in the Musical Moment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590957
eISBN:
9780191594595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590957.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

The study of musical improvisation and how musicians acquire this skill allows for a comparison with language acquisition from the perspectives of both perceptual and productive competence. This ... More


Unhastening Science: Autonomy and Reflexivity in the Social theory of Knowledge

Dick Pels

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236382
eISBN:
9781846314322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314322
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book offers an account of what makes science special among other human pursuits, critically engaging with a variety of approaches, especially constructivist and relativist studies of science and ... More


Culture, Ideology, and Aesthetics: The Analysis and Evaluation of Media Content

Nicholas Garnham

in Emancipation, the Media, and Modernity: Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198742258
eISBN:
9780191695001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742258.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter turns to the symbolic forms that the media circulate and to the debates over language, culture, and evaluation that these forms raise. A critique is raised of the narrow view of language ... More


Introduction

Judith Baker

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter describes the three works of Paul Grice collected in this volume, selected in order to present his metaphysical defence of value. It clarifies some of the basic elements of ... More


Introduction to Grounded Theory and Its Potential for Social Work

Julianne S. Oktay

in Grounded Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199753697
eISBN:
9780199932627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753697.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a basic introduction to grounded theory. It begins by arguing that grounded theory is of particular value for the social work profession. It introduces three excellent grounded ... More


Constructivism

Adam S. Miller

in Speculative Grace: Bruno Latour and Object-Oriented Theology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251506
eISBN:
9780823253005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251506.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explains that to Latour, all epistemological problems are actually engineering problems. Knowing things amounts to knowing which objects must be concatenated in what kinds of ways in ... More


Learning and Teaching in the Chinese Classroom: Responding to Individual Needs

Shane N. Phillipson and Bick-har Lam

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083428
eISBN:
9789882209848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083428.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book provides a starting point for understanding the contexts of learning and teaching in the Chinese classroom. Drawing upon recent research in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and China, this book ... More


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