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The Representative Claim

Michael Saward

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In an era of disaffection from traditional political institutions and the rise of transnational politics, the need to rethink political representation – who speaks for whom and with what authority – ... More


Killing Without Dying: the Absence of Suicide Missions

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter is divided into two parts. The first part examines why organizations may be unwilling to resort to suicide missions (SMs). It considers five possible reasons: cognitive accessibility, ... More


Electoral Reform and the British MEP

David M. Farrell and Roger Scully

in Representing Europe's Citizens?: Electoral Institutions and the Failure of Parliamentary Representation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285020
eISBN:
9780191713651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285020.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral system used in Britain for EP elections was changed radically in 1999, the SMP system being replaced by a PR, regional closed-list system. This change represented a very rare case of ... More


India: Two‐Party Contests within a Multiparty System

Anthony Heath, Siana Glouharova, and Oliver Heath

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

India is the world’s biggest, and in many respects, most remarkable democracy. Despite vast social and linguistic diversity, its political system has been surprisingly stable and effective. India has ... More


Whom to Represent? Role Orientations of Legislators in Europe

Bernhard Wessels

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the fifth of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It analyses to what extent institutional differences between the member‐states of the EU are constraining the ... More


Global Social Choice Beyond Nation‐State Representation

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter challenges the widespread idea that legitimate social choice in global politics can be achieved solely through representation by nation-states — either as a means of aggregating ... More


Global Social Choice Through Multi‐Stakeholder Representation

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that achieving legitimate social choice in global politics requires the establishment of a decision-making process involving deliberation among multi-stakeholder representatives, ... More


Ireland: ‘O What a Tangled Web. . .’—Delegation, Accountability, and Executive Power

Paul Mitchell

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Irish state inherited many features of the Westminster parliamentary system, but with some important divergences: a written constitution protected by a Supreme Court, a proportional ... More


Canada: Political Careers between Executive Hopes and Constituency Work

David C. Docherty

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Members of the Canadian Parliament today are well-paid political professionals. Still, the most attractive goal of a national political career in Canada is a seat at the cabinet table, because only ... More


Norway: Professionalization—Party-oriented and Constituency-based

Hanne Marthe Narud

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the political professionalization of the Norwegian Storting, its main focus being on the various institutional constraints of Norwegian MPs and on the importance of the ... More


Mapping the representative claim

Michael Saward

in The Representative Claim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defines and elaborates a number of key aspects of the representative claim, underscoring the latter's distinctive utility as an analytical tool. After locating the representative claim ... More


Representation, legitimacy, and democracy

Michael Saward

in The Representative Claim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter reviews key points and steps back to consider what these new approaches and arguments, built around the claim‐based approach to representation, might mean for democratic ... More


The Demise of Local Government

Martin Loughlin

in The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263198
eISBN:
9780191734755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263198.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the so-called demise of local government in Great Britain during the twentieth century, suggesting that the cumulative impact of twentieth-century developments has resulted in a ... More


Complex Sentences

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is not clear-cut. The essence of coordination is the mental juxtaposition of structures construed as parallel and co-equal. Subordination has a ... More


Constructions: Descriptive Factors

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Constructions are characterized in terms of four basic factors: correspondences, profiling, elaboration, and constituency. Correspondences are the basis for semantic and grammatical integration; they ... More


Working in the District: Home Style

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Much of a representative’s job centers on policy and takes place inside congress, but representatives also participate in activities in their electoral district that emphasize securing support for ... More


Citizen–Party Linkages, Political Institutions, and Type of Party

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The chapter identifies the conceptual building blocks which will underpin the rest of the study: these are electoral institutions, two models of electoral outcomes, two models of party ... More


Mean Voter Representation Versus Partisan Constituency Representation: Do Parties Respond to the Mean Voter Position or to Their Supporters?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Do political parties respond to shifts in the preferences of their supporters or to the mean voter position? Cross‐national analyses – based on observations from Eurobarometer surveys and parties' ... More


Landlord-Tenant Relations

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter identifies three types of landlords in Greenpoint–Williamsburg and relates each to different political and economic consequences for the neighborhood. Absentee landlords tend to be ... More


Introduction

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0000
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter lays out the rationale for the study of the relationship between Congress and the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. It proposes the concept of congressional ... More


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