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Beyond Constraint‐Based Models: Communication Channels and Growth Rates

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The number of communication channels may well turn out to be a major building block in constructing quantitatively predictive logical models in social sciences. This number does determine ... More


The Happy Valley: A History and Tour of the Hong Kong Cemetery

Ken Nicolson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028108
eISBN:
9789882207561
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028108.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This history and tour highlights the need for urgent action to conserve the built and natural heritage resources of this important cultural landscape. The book challenges the reader to reconsider the ... More


Explicating the notion of ‘causation’: The role of extensive quantities

Giovanni Boniolo, Rossella Faraldo, and Antonio Saggion

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0024
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes an empirical explication of the notion of ‘causation’, which the chapter calls a generalized explication of ‘causation’ (GEC), based on the numerical balance between ... More


Macroscopic Superpositions, Decoherent Histories, and the Emergence of Hydrodynamic Behaviour

Jonathan Halliwell

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Macroscopic systems are described most completely by local densities (particle number, momentum, and energy) yet the superposition states of such physical variables, indicated by the Everett ... More


The Faith of Hope

Alan Mittleman

in Hope in a Democratic Age: Philosophy, Religion, and Political Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199297153
eISBN:
9780191700835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297153.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

For both Thomas Aquinas and Joseph Albo, hope becomes a response to an outpouring of divine presence. This chapter considers the Jewish and Christian traditions from which Aquinas and Albo drew, and ... More


Dignity and the end of life

Harvey Max Chochinov

in Dignity Therapy: Final Words for Final Days

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195176216
eISBN:
9780199933181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176216.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This opening chapter describes the foundation that Dignity Therapy is based on. Most of the chapter provides a detailed description of the Model of Dignity in the Terminally Ill. This model informs ... More


Causality Without Counterfactuals

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The author replaces his earlier explication of causal processes in terms of capacity for mark transmission with an analysis of the capacity for transmission of conserved quantities. This new theory ... More


Three Frequency Effects in Syntax

SANDRA THOMPSON

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The primary hypothesis of functionalist or usage-based linguistics is that language use shapes grammar. The recognized mechanism by which this language-shaping process occurs is frequent repetition. ... More


Elements of Liquid Dynamics

Wolfgang Götze

in Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids: A Mode-Coupling Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235346
eISBN:
9780191715600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235346.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, the general concepts are introduced, which are used to describe simple-liquid dynamics. The hydrodynamic-limit expressions are derived for the correlation functions, which are formed ... More


Evolutionary biology as a foundation for studying aging and aging-related disease

Martin Ackermann and Scott D. Pletcher

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aging does not have a function. It exists because individuals often die for other reasons, and therefore natural selection cannot maintain late-life performance. The rate of aging is influenced by ... More


Introduction

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

A newcomer to the field of linguistics might be surprised to learn that for most of the 20th century, facts about the frequency of use of particular words, phrases, or constructions were considered ... More


Hamilton’s Principle and Noether’s Theorem

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents extended forms of Hamilton’s principle and the phase space Hamilton’s principle based on the extended Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods developed earlier. It also discusses ... More


The causal‐process‐model theory of mechanisms

Phil Dowe

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0040
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Wesley Salmon and the author of this chapter have argued that causation and causal explanation need to appeal to causal processes understood in terms of conserved quantities. This has the consequence ... More


Hamilton'S Principle and Noether's Theorem

Oliver Davis Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780191001628
eISBN:
9780191775161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780191001628.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents extended forms of Hamilton's Principle and the phase space Hamilton's principle based on the extended Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods. Hamilton's Principle has already been ... More


Relaxation-Time Approximation

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A conserving relaxation time approximation is presented resulting into a Mermin-type of polarisation functions. The transport properties are calculated for the relaxation time approximation and an ... More


Global symmetries and Noether’s theorem

Michael Kachelriess

in Quantum Fields: From the Hubble to the Planck Scale

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198802877
eISBN:
9780191841330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802877.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Noethers theorem shows that continuous global symmetries lead classically to conservation laws. Such symmetries can be divided into spacetime and internal symmetries. The invariance of Minkowski ... More


Application to Multi-Mode Systems

Bryan J. Dalton, John Jeffers, and Stephen M. Barnett

in Phase Space Methods for Degenerate Quantum Gases

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199562749
eISBN:
9780191747311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562749.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents two examples of applying phase space methods in systems where large numbers of modes may be involved, such as in fermion cases with large particle numbers. Functional ... More


Symmetries & Lagrangian-Hamilton-Jacobi Theory

Peter Mann

in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Dynamics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198822370
eISBN:
9780191861253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822370.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses conservation laws in Lagrangian mechanics and shows that certain conservation laws are just particular examples of a more fundamental theory called ‘Noether’s theorem’, after ... More


The Metaphysics of Artistic Expression: A Case Study in Projectivism

Robert Kraut

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Pending arguments to the contrary, any region of discursive practice is a potential candidate for the kind of irrealist interpretation which Simon Blackburn explores in the domains of morality, ... More


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