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Conservation biology: past and present 1

Curt Meine

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Curt Meine introduces the discipline by tracing its history. He also highlights the inter‐disciplinary nature of conservation science. Conservation biology emerged in the mid‐1980s ... More


Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Franck Courchamp, Ludek Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Allee effects are broadly defined as a decline in individual fitness at low population size or density, that can result in critical population thresholds below which populations crash to extinction. ... More


Conclusion

Frederick Rowe Davis

in The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles: Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310771
eISBN:
9780199790098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310771.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Carr's career demonstrated that the naturalist tradition transformed into related disciplines of ecology and conservation over the course of the 20th century. Carr's life exhibits many dimensions of ... More


Ecological and Intellectual Baselines: Saving Lions, Tigers, and Rhinos in Asia

John Seidensticker

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by stating that one of the great problems in conservation biology is so-called ecological amnesia, the disappearance in the public mind of what environments were like even a few ... More


Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation: Perspectives from population viability analysis models

Andrew J. Marshall, Robert Lacy, Marc Ancrenaz, Onnie Byers, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Erik Meijaard, Norm Rosen, Ian Singleton, Suzette Stephens, Kathy Traylor-Holzer, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Carel P. van Schaik, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutan populations are particularly susceptible to local extinction due to hunting, habitat loss, and fragmentation because they live at low population densities, grow slowly, and reproduce ... More


Conservation Planning and Climate Change Effects

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the use of niche models to help address the “what” and “where” questions in conservation biology as well as climate change effects. It first reviews the conceptual aspects of ... More


The Future of Agricultural Pollination

Rosalind R. James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter summarizes how agricultural production and bees are inter-dependent. Honey bees are the most commonly used agricultural pollinators in the world, but are threatened by an increasing ... More


The Conditions for Existence as a Unifying Concept in Evolutionary Biology

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the ways in which the conditions for existence can serve as a unifying concept in evolutionary biology. It examines some of the areas in which recognition of the ... More


Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Malcolm Gordon (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

We are living in the early stages of a looming worldwide extinction crisis. Abundant evidence shows that the current rate of species extinctions is nearing its highest level since the asteroid ... More


Size Matters: Toward Understanding the Natural History of Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genome size varies widely among different organisms, and is not very closely correlated with complexity of the organism. In species with large genomes, most of the DNA does not code for genes. This ... More


Venerable Trees: History, Biology, and Conservation in the Bluegrass

Tom Kimmerer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813165660
eISBN:
9780813166681
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165660.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

When the Bluegrass region of Kentucky was settled, early farmers found natural woodland pastures of open-grown trees shading grass and cane. The same trees that shaded the natural pastures remain ... More


Taxonomy Red in Tooth and Claw

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by discussing the concept of biodiversity, which comes to us from conservation biology. It suggests that biodiversity might not be a single natural property or quantity: that ... More


What Is Biodiversity?

James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In the life sciences, there is wide-ranging debate about biodiversity. While nearly everyone is in favor of biodiversity and its conservation, methods for its assessment vary enormously. So what ... More


Fertilization in Marine Fishes: A Review of the Data and Its Application to Conservation Biology

Christopher W. Petersen and Carlotta Mazzoldi

in Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter explores how developmental processes may have become modified to generate variable sexual expression in marine fishes. First, it discusses events associated with reproductive ... More


Conservation Biology: The Evaluation Problem

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

There is an important link between environmental ethics and conservation biology. Ideally, the former tells us what to conserve and the latter tells us how to conserve it. This book is about science, ... More


Biodiversity: Increasing the Political Clout of Nature Conservation

Yrjö Haila

in Conceptual Innovation in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036580
eISBN:
9780262341585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036580.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The term biodiversity was introduced in the 1980s as a novel framing for the human dependence on the Earth's biosphere. 'Biodiversity loss' became the way to capture a major dimension of global ... More


Conservation Biology: The Measurement Problem

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on measurement issues in conservation biology. It begins the investigation of the place of biodiversity in conservation biology with a description of its use in current science, ... More


Experimental Biology in Conservation Science

Malcolm S. Gordon and Soraya M. Bartol

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book focuses on experimental biology and its application to biodiversity protection. It illustrates the effectiveness and the utility of organism-centered experimentation to important aspects of ... More


Biological Control in Support of Conservation: Friend or Foe?

Mark S. Hoddle

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the application of biological control in support of conservation programs. It first examines the history, theory, application, benefits, and risks of biological control. It ... More


Captive for Life

Irus Braverman

in The Ethics of Captivity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199977994
eISBN:
9780199375172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977994.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Drawing on ethnographic research of leading conservation biologists, this chapter describes the erosion of the distinctions between species management in captivity and its conservation in wild ... More


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