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A Connectionist Perspective on Repetition Priming

Jay G. Rueckl

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to describe the connectionist perspective on repetition priming. The first section provides an overview of the connectionist framework, and more specifically, connectionist models ... More


Connectionist Approaches to Perseveration: Understanding Universal and Task-Specific Aspects of Children's Behavior

J. Bruce Morton and Yuko Munakata

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on case studies of connectionist models of perseveration for understanding infants' reaching behavior and children's rule-guided behavior. These models demonstrate how general ... More


Mixing the Old with the New and the New with the Old: Combining Prior and Current Knowledge in Conceptual Change

Denis Mareschal and Gert Westermann

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines two approaches to resolving the question of how prior knowledge and current knowledge interact in category learning. The first relies on mathematical models of statistical ... More


Dynamical Insight into Structure in Connectionist Models

Whitney Tabor

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on a connectionist model called the fractal learning neural network (FLNN). The FLNN model's account is appealing because it (a) uses a simple learning mechanism and thus ... More


Modeling the origins of object knowledge

Denis Mareschal and Andrew J. Bremner

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Computational models can be outlined into two distinct kinds: symbolic models and connectionist models. One particular focus of computational modeling research has been the development of object ... More


In search of the mechanisms of multisensory development

Denis Mareschal, Gert Westermann, and Nadja Althaus

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter asks how multisensory perception can develop. That is, what are the mechanisms by which separate modalities become differentiated and integrated during the first years of life? This ... More


Bridging the Theoretical Gap: from the Brain to Cognitive Theory

Tim Shallice and Richard P. Cooper

in The Organisation of Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199579242
eISBN:
9780191804489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199579242.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the arguments and concepts of mathematician turned theoretical neurophysiologist, David Marr. It then covers the rejection of the Marrian approach; modules, ... More


Implicit knowledge in people and connectionist networks

Zoltan Dienes and Josef Perner

in Implicit Cognition

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523109
eISBN:
9780191688829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523109.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the methodological criteria of implicit knowledge, the meaning of implicit/explicit knowledge, the three types of explicitness, analysis of a connectionist model of artificial ... More


Connectionism, Eliminativism, and the Future of Folk Psychology1

William Ramsey, Stephen Stich, and Joseph Garon

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter defends that the thesis that, if a certain family of connectionist hypotheses turn out to be right, they will surely count as revolutionary. The chapter is organized as follows. Section ... More


Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann, and Mark H. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Functional Architecture of the Cognit

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines the structural characteristics of a cognit, that is, the morphological feature of the cognitive networks of the cerebral cortex. Knowledge about oneself and the environment is ... More


Getting Real about Systematicity

Stefan L. Frank

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter empirically investigates the issue of systematicity and connectionism under more realistic conditions than was the case in previous studies. A connectionist and a symbolic model of ... More


Phonological deficits and developmental language impairments: evidence from connectionist models

Marc F. Joanisse

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines what might be some of the causes of the language impairments observed in children with specific language impairments (SLI). These are children who appear to function in the ... More


We Stand on the Shoulders of Giants: The Golden Era of Behavioral Neurology 1860–1950 and Its Relevance to Cognitive Neuroscience Today

Heidi L. Roth

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews origins of the modern scientific inquiry into cognition by examining the contributions to the field of behavioral neurology spanning the rich period from 1860 to 1950. Modularity ... More


The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Suzanne Nalbantian, Paul M. Matthews, and James L. McClelland (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This book offers an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of human memory, with contributions from both neuroscientists and humanists. Linking the neuroscientific study of memory to the ... More


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