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The Continuity of Mind

Michael Spivey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The cognitive and neural sciences have been on the brink of a paradigm shift for over a decade. This book is intended to help galvanize the forces of dynamical systems theory, cognitive and ... More


Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Eliminativism (or eliminative materialism) has been an important and provocative view in the philosophy of mind since the 1970s. Eliminativism claims that the mental states alluded to in our ordinary ... More


In Defense of the Saussurean View of Grammar

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter argues in favor of the classical Saussurean position with respect to the relationship between knowledge of language and use of language, providing evidence in support of the idea that ... More


Morphology and psycholinguistics

Geert Booij

in The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Psycholinguists study the acquisition of morphological knowledge and the way in which complex words are stored, perceived, and produced. The mental lexicon is a central concept in modelling the ... More


Toward a Continuity Psychology

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter outlines the goals of the book: to bring together dynamical systems theory, cognitive and computational neuroscience, connectionism, and ecological psychology to provide an understanding ... More


Some Simulation Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter promotes quantitative simulation as an important accompaniment to theoretical and experimental methods in dynamical approaches to understanding the mind. A mathematical introduction is ... More


The Nature of Memory Causation

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the nature of memory causation. This involves identifying the vehicle of memory causation, specifying the strength of the causal relation constitutive of memory, and ruling out ... More


The Moral Mind: How Five Sets of Innate Intuitions Guide the Development of Many Culture‐Specific Virtues, and Perhaps Even Modules

Jonathan Haidt and Craig Joseph

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses how morality might be partially innate, meaning organized, to some extent, in advance of experience. It begins by arguing for a broader conception of morality and suggests that ... More


Combining Connectionist and Dynamic Systems Principles in Models of Development: The Case of Analogical Completion

Denis Mareschal, Robert Leech, and Richard P. Cooper

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes model of the development of simple analogical reasoning and shows how the model accounts for seven characteristics of children's developing abilities to reason analogically. It ... More


Integrating Connectionist Learning and Dynamical Systems Processing: Case Studies in Speech and Lexical Development

Bob McMurray, Jessica S. Horst, Joseph C. Toscano, and Larissa K. Samuelson

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the interplay of dynamical systems and connectionism at the level of both theory and computation. It begins with a discussion of developmental mechanism focusing on two ... More


Soft-Assembled Mechanisms for the Unified Theory

Heidi Kloos and Guy C. Van Orden

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that connectionist and dynamic systems models complement each other and collectively move toward a unified theory of development if they subscribe to the second view of ... More


Are Dynamic Systems and Connectionist Approaches an Alternative to Good Old-Fashioned Cognitive Development?

Lisa M. Oakes, Nora S. Newcombe, and Jodie M. Plumert

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses the question of whether dynamic systems and connectionist approaches are an alternative to good old-fashioned cognitive development (GOFCD). The chapter is organized as ... More


A Developmental Systems Theory Perspective on Psychological Change

Timothy D. Johnston and Robert Lickliter

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter draws attention to some aspects of development that are considered underrepresented in both dynamic systems theory (DST) and connectionism. The approach taken is that of developmental ... More


Transitions in Cognitive Development: Prospects and Limitations of a Neural Dynamic Approach

Han L. J. van der Maas and Maartje E. J. Raijmakers

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses old-fashioned cognitive development from the point of view of two modern approaches, connectionism and nonlinear dynamical systems theory. The main assertion in both ... More


Dynamic Systems and the Quest for Individual-Based Models of Change and Development

Paul van Geert and Kurt W. Fischer

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the question of how dynamic systems theory can be fruitfully applied to the development of the kind of phenomena and variables that have been of interest for a long time. ... More


Dynamic and Connectionist Approaches to Development: Toward a Future of Mutually Beneficial Coevolution

Michael S. C. Thomas, James L. McClelland, Fiona M. Richardson, Anna C. Schapiro, and Frank D. Baughman

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A tension has existed between connectionism and dynamic systems theory (DST), and this chapter considers why this should be the case. The chapter argues that much of the tension arises from a tenet ... More


Moving toward a Unified Theory While Valuing the Importance of the Initial Conditions

John P. Spencer, Evelina Dineva, and Gregor Schöner

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter seeks to articulate and clarify cases of perceived differences between dynamical systems theory (DST) and the connectionist (CN) approaches that are not real, as well as cases of ... More


BEYOND VAPORWARE?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under ... More


The Robot as a New Frontier for Connectionism and Dynamic Systems Theory

Matthew Schlesinger

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides an optimistic forecast for the future of connectionism and dynamic systems theory (DST). In particular, it focuses on the idea that regardless of how similar or dissimilar ... More


MERGING TOP‐DOWN AND BOTTOM‐UP

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The topic of this chapter is the application of virtue ethics to the development of artificial moral agents. The difficulties of applying general moral theories in a top‐down fashion to artificial ... More


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