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Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines abiotic pollination via wind or water. It begins with a discussion of wind pollination or anemophily, which is a common occurrence in modern plants, especially in most ... More


Influences on Upland System Structure III: Conifers and Deciduous Shrubs

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Historic and photographic evidence of the northern range shows the absence of browsing highlines on conifers in early park years (pre-1900), their general appearance by the early 1900s, and ... More


The World of Northern Evergreens

E. C. Pielou

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Global warming and human-driven impacts from logging, natural gas drilling, mining of oil sands, and the development of hydropower increasingly threaten North America's northern forests. These ... More


The Big Picture

E. C. Pielou

in The World of Northern Evergreens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter maps the geographic extent of the ecosystems created by conifers, and coincidentally the areas of dominance of one or more identifying conifer species. The result is a mosaic of ... More


Southern California Conifer Forests

Richard A. Minnich

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter focuses on the distribution and species composition of conifer forests in Southern California. Conifers make up most forests and woodlands of Southern California. These coniferous ... More


Identifying the Conifers

E. C. Pielou

in The World of Northern Evergreens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The chapter considers the various groups of conifers and how they can be told apart. It begins with some brief remarks about the naming of plants. The English names of the various groups of conifers ... More


Closed-Cone Pine and Cypress Forests

Michael G. Barbour

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Serotinus conifers have mature cones that remain closed and attached to the parent tree for 1 or more years after seed maturation; cones open rapidly when removed from the tree or when exposed to ... More


Origin of the Evergreen Forests

E. C. Pielou

in The World of Northern Evergreens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter addresses two questions that have engaged the interests of ecologists and motivated years of research: Where has the forest come from? And why are the great majority of its trees ... More


Reproduction of Conifers

E. C. Pielou

in The World of Northern Evergreens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the reproduction of conifers. For conifers, pollination involves the transfer of pollen grains from a pollen cone to a seed cone, where they will fertilize the ovules (seeds ... More


The Life and Growth of a Conifer

E. C. Pielou

in The World of Northern Evergreens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter begins by describing the differences in conifer and broadleaf wood. In all trees, the trunk and branches contain tubes to carry liquids up and down the tree, from roots to leaves and ... More


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