## Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

*Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz*

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199577224
- eISBN:
- 9780191722943
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Phase transitions and critical phenomena have consistently been among the principal subjects of active studies in statistical physics. The simple act of transforming one state of matter or phase into ... More

## INITIAL DATA

*Miguel Alcubierre*

### in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199205677
- eISBN:
- 9780191709371
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Only six out of ten Einstein field equations contain time derivatives and therefore represent the true evolution equations of the spacetime geometry. The remaining four equations are constraints that ... More

## Harmonic Morphisms Between Riemannian Manifolds

*Paul Baird and John C. Wood*

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198503620
- eISBN:
- 9780191708435
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503620.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

Harmonic morphisms are maps which preserve Laplace's equation. More explicitly, a map between Riemannian manifolds is called a harmonic morphism if its composition with any locally defined harmonic ... More

## Reduction techniques

*Paul Baird and John C. Wood*

### in Harmonic Morphisms Between Riemannian Manifolds

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198503620
- eISBN:
- 9780191708435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503620.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

When a map has a certain symmetry, the equations for a harmonic morphism reduce to equations in a smaller number of variables. Here, the appropriate symmetry is equivariant with respect to ... More

## Harmonic morphisms defined by polynomials

*Paul Baird and John C. Wood*

### in Harmonic Morphisms Between Riemannian Manifolds

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198503620
- eISBN:
- 9780191708435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503620.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This chapter establishes the Liouville-type theorem which asserts that any entire (i.e., globally defined) harmonic morphism from a Euclidean space of arbitrary dimension to a Euclidean space of ... More

## The Decomposition of Global Conformal Invariants (AM-182)

*Spyros Alexakis*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691153476
- eISBN:
- 9781400842728
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691153476.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This book addresses a basic question in differential geometry that was first considered by physicists Stanley Deser and Adam Schwimmer in 1993 in their study of conformal anomalies. The question ... More

## Global Existence Theorems: Asymptotically Euclidean Data

*Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat*

### in General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199230723
- eISBN:
- 9780191710872
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.003.0015
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows how the Penrose transform can be used to prove global existence of solutions of various semilinear field equations. It outlines the foundation points of Friedrich's conformal ... More

## Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

*John Terning*

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198567639
- eISBN:
- 9780191718243
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book begins with a brief review of supersymmetry, the construction of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and approaches to supersymmetry breaking. General non-perturbative methods are ... More

## LUTTINGER LIQUIDS

*Thierry Giamarchi*

### in Quantum Physics in One Dimension

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198525004
- eISBN:
- 9780191711909
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The bosonization technique is useful for solving the interacting problem and for extracting a certain number of properties such as power law behavior of the correlation functions. However, this ... More

## TWO-DIMENSIONAL FIELD THEORY AND BOSONIZATION

*Kazuo Fujikawa and Hiroshi Suzuki*

### in Path Integrals and Quantum Anomalies

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198529132
- eISBN:
- 9780191712821
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529132.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the quantum anomalies in two-dimensional field theory. Two-dimensional field theory is important in connection with conformal field theory and its applications to string theory ... More

## Self-dual Poincaré Metrics

*Charles Fefferman and C. Robin Graham*

### in The Ambient Metric (AM-178)

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691153131
- eISBN:
- 9781400840588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691153131.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

As an application of the formal theory for Poincaré metrics, this chapter presents a formal power series proof of a result of LeBrun [LeB] asserting the existence and uniqueness of a real-analytic ... More

## Conformal field theory

*Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz*

### in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199577224
- eISBN:
- 9780191722943
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The present chapter is an introductory account of the basic concepts and important consequences of conformal symmetry, i.e. the invariance under local scale transformations, in field theories ... More

## The Ambient Metric (AM-178)

*Charles Fefferman and C. Robin Graham*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691153131
- eISBN:
- 9781400840588
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691153131.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This book develops and applies a theory of the ambient metric in conformal geometry. This is a Lorentz metric in n+2 dimensions that encodes a conformal class of metrics in n dimensions. The ambient ... More

## Spaces With Non-Euclidean Topology

*M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko*

### in Advances in the Casimir Effect

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199238743
- eISBN:
- 9780191716461
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a brief review of the Casimir effect in spaces with nontrivial topology (both flat and curved). As an important application of the numerous results obtained in this field, the ... More

## The Roots of Reference

*Timothy McCarthy*

### in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195145069
- eISBN:
- 9780199833436
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195145062.003.0003
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Applies the ‘Conformal Framework’ developed in Ch. 2 to some problems of the classical theory of reference, namely, to the question of how the reference of expressions in specific problem categories, ... More

## The Ground of Logic

*Timothy McCarthy*

### in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780195145069
- eISBN:
- 9780199833436
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195145062.003.0004
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Applies the Conformal Framework to the philosophy of logic, and, in particular, to what McCarthy calls the Interpretation Problem for Logic, i.e. the problem of characterizing the logical devices of ... More

## Theory of Quantum Hall States

*Xiao-Gang Wen*

### in Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199227259
- eISBN:
- 9780191713019
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.003.07
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Electrons on the interface of two semiconductors can form a new state of matter — fractional quantum Hall (FQH) state — under strong magnetic fields. FQH states cannot be described by Landau symmetry ... More

## Lattice gauge theory beyond the Standard Model

*Thomas Appelquist and Ethan T. Neil*

### in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199691609
- eISBN:
- 9780191731792
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0012
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter gives an overview of methods and recent studies in the application of lattice gauge theory to physics beyond the standard model. It focuses on theories in which electroweak symmetry is ... More

## Shape Dynamics: Relativity and Relationalism

*Flavio Mercati*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- April 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198789475
- eISBN:
- 9780191831294
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198789475.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Shape Dynamics is a new theory of gravity that is based on fewer and more fundamental first principles than General Relativity. The most important feature of this theory is the replacement of ... More

## Introduction

*Charles Fefferman and C. Robin Graham*

### in The Ambient Metric (AM-178)

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691153131
- eISBN:
- 9781400840588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691153131.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief definition of conformal geometry. Conformal geometry is the study of spaces in which one knows how to measure infinitesimal angles but not lengths. A ... More