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By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Paul Bartha

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book proposes a theory of analogical arguments, with special focus on analogies in mathematics and science. The core principle of the theory is that a good analogical argument must articulate a ... More


It really is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The results of the special theory of relativity are so peculiar that a huge number of experiments have been done to check its validity. The contraction of space, the slowing down of time, and the ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Sherrilyn Roush

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends a new externalist, reliabilist theory of knowledge and evidence, and develops a new view about scientific realism. Knowledge is viewed as a tracking theory that has a ... More


 History Revisited: Pyrrhic Victories for Scientific Realism

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the most influential recent efforts by scientific realists to blunt or block the pessimistic induction by engaging the details of the history of science itself, including the ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of the Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion series. As with the first two volumes, these essays follow the tradition of providing a non-sectarian and non-partisan ... More


A Mighty Fortress?

Barry Stephenson

in Performing the Reformation: Religious Festivals in Contemporary Wittenberg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199732753
eISBN:
9780199777310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732753.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

This chapter describes, interprets, and comments on the liturgy and performances conducted by the Lutherans during Wittenberg’s Luther festivals. The various branches of Lutheranism active in ... More


Critical Distance: Stabilising Evidential Claims in Archaeology

ALISON WYLIE

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

This chapter adopts a philosophical perspective on evidential reasoning in archaeology. It argues that strong relativist and scientistic positions in debates within anthropological archaeology are ... More


Naturalism and Mathematical Practice

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Naturalism’, as we have used the term, is the commitment to look to science to discover what we ought to believe. If one reads ‘science’ broadly, to include pure mathematics, then this commitment ... More


 Liquidating in Chapter 11

Dr. Ben S. Branch, Hugh M. Ray, and Robin Russell

in Last Rights: Liquidating a Company

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306989
eISBN:
9780199783762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306989.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explains the liquidation of a business in a proceeding under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code using a liquidating plan of reorganization. The negotiation, confirmation, ... More


Johannes Gropper’s Doctrine of Justification in the Enchiridion (1538)

Brian Lugioyo

in Martin Bucer’s Doctrine of Justification: Reformation Theology and Early Modern Irenicism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195387360
eISBN:
9780199866663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387360.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter 4 explores the moderate Catholic view of justification in Johannes Gropper’s Enchiridion of 1538. Gropper was instrumental in formulating the agreements on justification reached at Worms in ... More


Objective Bayesianism in Perspective

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In this chapter we will take stock and consider some questions and applications that merit future attention. In §10.1 we will encounter some questions arising from the topics covered in this book. ... More


Analogy and Symmetry

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter has two purposes. First, it explores the connection between analogical reasoning and symmetry to provide a second justification for the argument form, independent of the one offered in ... More


The Spectre of “Two Dogmas”

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter responds to the two main arguments of Quine's paper ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’. It argues that Chapter 2's rejection of the language myth makes it easier to understand what is good or ... More


From Baptism to the Requiescat in Pace

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Baptism was obligatory and universal by the laws on Church and State and the rules laid down by the Church were universally obeyed. As far as the other sacraments are concerned, the practice of ... More


Education

Owen Chadwick

in The Early Reformation on the Continent

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269021
eISBN:
9780191600470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269021.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The only form of teaching in the first reformed parishes was the catechism, in Germany based on Luther's Catechism, but this was not acceptable to the Swiss. Religious education lacked focus until ... More


The Rites of Christian Initiation

Karen B. Westerfield Tucker

in American Methodist Worship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126983
eISBN:
9780199834754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512698X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Tensions occur when a church practices infant baptism but also expects personal faith or even an experience of conversion from its members. Methodists in America struggled theologically with the ... More


Rituals of Christian Initiation

Bernard Cooke and Gary Macy

in Christian Symbol and Ritual: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195154115
eISBN:
9780199835591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154118.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The history and meaning of the Christian rituals of baptism and confirmation are presented, with special emphasis on the problem of infant baptism. The ritual of baptism, with its attendant symbolism ... More


Opening the Doors of Wonder: Reflections on Religious Rites of Passage

Arthur Magida

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245457
eISBN:
9780520941717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245457.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This book explores rites of passage in America by sifting through the accounts of influential thinkers who experienced them. The author explains the underlying theologies, evolution, and actual ... More


An Introduction to Newton's Scientific Method

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter includes some historical background on Astronomy, mechanics and physical causes, as well as an overview of Newton’s background framework and his theoretical concept of a centripetal ... More


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