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The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge develops and defends an empiricist approach to mathematical knowledge. After offering an account of a priori knowledge, it argues that none of the ... More


 Identity, Persistence, and Modality

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hybrid theory of reference developed in Chapter 2 has important consequences for our understanding of metaphysical claims about identity, persistence, and modality, which are drawn out in this ... More


Introduction

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introductory chapter lays out the motivations for defending a common sense ontology and provides an overview of the various eliminativist arguments against ordinary objects that will be discussed ... More


WYCLIF IN OXFORD: Logic, Metaphysics

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The second important element of Wyclif’s philosophical program is his metaphysics, which is an important response to Ockhamist conceptualism. Walter Burley had challenged Ockhamist ontology with a ... More


The Contradiction (iii): A Ramified Solution

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Poincaré had recommended a ‘Vicious Circle Principle’, and Russell accepted this in his final ‘ramified’ theory of types. He claims both that this principle resolves a range of paradoxes (including ... More


Fictocritical Postlude: The Melancholy of Conceptualism

Michael Golston

in Poetic Machinations: Allegory, Surrealism, and Postmodern Poetic Form

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231164306
eISBN:
9780231538633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164306.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 5 is a ficto-critical piece on Conceptualism dedicated to the anthropologist Michael Taussig. It provides an overview of the critical literature on allegory after 1950. It is part collage, ... More


Plastic Possibilities: Adrian Piper’s Adamant Self-Alienation

Uri McMillan

in Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on conceptual artist Adrian Piper’s dense explorations of objecthood and her bold experiments with disorientation, self-estrangement, and becoming a confrontational art object. ... More


Reduction and Reductive Explanation: Is One Possible Without the Other?

Jaegwon Kim

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that only the functional model of reduction provides both reduction and reductive explanation. Some philosophers believe that even if reduction is not possible, reductive ... More


Word-Meaning and Opacity

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter makes a programmatic showing how an evaluative theory of content can meet two constraints: the right substitution conditions for belief contexts, and what it is for words to be ... More


Ontology, Evidence, and Philosophical Questions

Paul K. Moser

in Philosophy after Objectivity: Making Sense in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195081091
eISBN:
9780199852994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195081091.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the philosophical significance of what is X? questions in the light of traditional philosophical essentialism. It examines two competing approaches to essences, realist, and ... More


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