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The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge develops and defends an empiricist approach to mathematical knowledge. After offering an account of a priori knowledge, it argues that none of the ... More


WYCLIF IN OXFORD: Logic, Metaphysics

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The second important element of Wyclif’s philosophical program is his metaphysics, which is an important response to Ockhamist conceptualism. Walter Burley had challenged Ockhamist ontology with a ... More


 Identity, Persistence, and Modality

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hybrid theory of reference developed in Chapter 2 has important consequences for our understanding of metaphysical claims about identity, persistence, and modality, which are drawn out in this ... More


Introduction

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introductory chapter lays out the motivations for defending a common sense ontology and provides an overview of the various eliminativist arguments against ordinary objects that will be discussed ... More


Some solutions

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out four broad ways to handle the conflicts displayed by the Introduction. One might argue that necessary truths have no ontology. One might argue that the theist claims that the ... More


The Contradiction (iii): A Ramified Solution

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Poincaré had recommended a ‘Vicious Circle Principle’, and Russell accepted this in his final ‘ramified’ theory of types. He claims both that this principle resolves a range of paradoxes (including ... More


The Synthetic Proposition: Conceptualism and the Political Referent in Contemporary Art

Nizan Shaked

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784992750
eISBN:
9781526128171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992750.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art History

The synthetic proposition: Conceptualism and the political referent in contemporary art examines the impact of Civil Rights, Black Power, the student, feminist and the sexual-liberty movements on ... More


Engendering an avant-garde: The unsettled lansdcapes of Vancouver photo-conceptualism

Leah Modigliani

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526101198
eISBN:
9781526135957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101198.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art History

Engendering an avant-garde: the unsettled landscapes of Vancouver photo-conceptualism is the first book to comprehensively examine the origins of Vancouver photo-conceptualism in its regional context ... More


Fictocritical Postlude: The Melancholy of Conceptualism

Michael Golston

in Poetic Machinations: Allegory, Surrealism, and Postmodern Poetic Form

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231164306
eISBN:
9780231538633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164306.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 5 is a ficto-critical piece on Conceptualism dedicated to the anthropologist Michael Taussig. It provides an overview of the critical literature on allegory after 1950. It is part collage, ... More


Plastic Possibilities: Adrian Piper’s Adamant Self-Alienation

Uri McMillan

in Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on conceptual artist Adrian Piper’s dense explorations of objecthood and her bold experiments with disorientation, self-estrangement, and becoming a confrontational art object. ... More


Reduction and Reductive Explanation: Is One Possible Without the Other?

Jaegwon Kim

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that only the functional model of reduction provides both reduction and reductive explanation. Some philosophers believe that even if reduction is not possible, reductive ... More


Word-Meaning and Opacity

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter makes a programmatic showing how an evaluative theory of content can meet two constraints: the right substitution conditions for belief contexts, and what it is for words to be ... More


Ontology, Evidence, and Philosophical Questions

Paul K. Moser

in Philosophy after Objectivity: Making Sense in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195081091
eISBN:
9780199852994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195081091.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the philosophical significance of what is X? questions in the light of traditional philosophical essentialism. It examines two competing approaches to essences, realist, and ... More


Philosophical Theories and Metaphysical Schemes

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter aims to provide a philosophical theory of content. ‘Content’ here means conceptual content—the content of propositional attitudes. A conception of what philosophical theories should do ... More


Conceptualism is Kantian

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter suggests that ‘interest’ in conceptualism's tenet is naturally read in line with something like Kant's conception of a scientific metaphysics. It is the one which may issue from and be ... More


Abstract Ideas and Universals

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Mackie presents a defence of Locke against Berkeley's attack on abstraction. It is argued that Locke's theory of ideas primarily concerns our ability to employ words and statements. ... More


Conceptualism

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

If we are to obtain a priori mathematical knowledge by following proofs, then we have to be able to have a priori knowledge of the axioms. This chapter continues Chapter 3's examination of the major ... More


The Discovery Problem

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins the second part of the book, in which the author argues that commitment to the naturalistic research programme precludes one from accepting realism about material objects and materialism. The ... More


The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Rocco J. Gennaro

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consciousness is arguably the most important area within contemporary philosophy of mind and perhaps the most puzzling aspect of the world. Despite an explosion of research from philosophers, ... More


Human Rights: The Shifting Boundaries

TOM CAMPBELL

in Protecting Human Rights: Instruments and Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264063
eISBN:
9780191718304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264063.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter investigates the best means of protecting and promoting human rights. It identifies which human rights are being discussed. It examines the reason for choosing these human rights rather ... More


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