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Banking Cartels and Industrial Concentration in Britain

Francesca Carnevali

in Europe's Advantage: Banks and Small Firms in Britain, France, Germany, and Italy since 1918

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199257393
eISBN:
9780191603846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257396.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter considers how by the 1920s Britain developed the most concentrated banking structure in the world, and whether this pattern was repeated in industry. It explores the role played by ... More


Measuring Change in Corporate Governance

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

An evaluation is made of various ways in which corporate governance can be operationalized as part of a panel data econometric analysis. Corporate governance is not a concept that can be directly ... More


It's Not Over: Structural Drivers of the Global Economic Crisis

Rohit

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198088417
eISBN:
9780199082292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198088417.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Why is the world economy in such turmoil? This is a question which has implications not just for the economics discipline but also the lives of millions of working people across the world. That it ... More


Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early ... More


The Demise of Small Firms in Britain

Francesca Carnevali

in Europe's Advantage: Banks and Small Firms in Britain, France, Germany, and Italy since 1918

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199257393
eISBN:
9780191603846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257396.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses the reasons behind the decline of small firms in Britain after 1945. It explores the politics behind industrial concentration by looking at the attitude towards small firms of ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


Political Institutions, Veto Points, and the Process of Welfare State Adaptation

Giuliano Bonoli

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Bonoli explores the relationship between ... More


Organizational Capabilities and the Rise of the Software Industry in the Emerging Economies: Lessons from the History of some US Industries

Ashish Arora, Alfonso Gambardella, and Steven Klepper

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Agglomeration economies involving knowledge spillovers are a common explanation for persistent regional leadership, such as that displayed by India in software services. This chapter offers a ... More


Explaining Western Securities Markets

Mark J. Roe

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter questions the power of law in solving CG problems and maintains that there are societal and political forces that are likely to shape governance structures irrespective of any ... More


Convergence of Corporate Governance during the Stock Market Bubble: Towards Anglo-American or European Standards?

Steen Thomsen

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on change, rather than static differences/similarities among countries. The study shows that large differences between US-UK and Europe persist, together with some convergence ... More


Pendulum Democracy: The Winner Takes All

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Pendulum democracy refers to the model of democracy in which political power alternates between two competing political parties or protagonists. Power follows the movement of the pendulum, and the ... More


The Evolution of French Economic Geography

Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

in The Economics of Clusters: Lessons from the French Experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592203
eISBN:
9780191595615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Microeconomics

This chapter describes some stylized facts on economic geography and its evolution in France over the past twenty years. The analysis of the Gini and Ellison and Glaeser indices shows that sectors ... More


A Rationalist Account of Intergovernmental Institution‐Building

Nicole Bolleyer

in Intergovernmental Cooperation: Rational Choices in Federal Systems and Beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570607
eISBN:
9780191721953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570607.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The chapter introduces a rationalist framework to account for intergovernmental institution-building. It argues that institutional choices in multilevel systems are driven by the nature of ... More


TECHNIQUES OF SYMMETRIZATION AND CONCENTRATION

Juan Luis Vázquez

in The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569039
eISBN:
9780191717468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter aims to obtain basic estimates for the PME and related equations using as a main tool the techniques of symmetrization and mass concentration comparison, combined with scaling ... More


PROBABILISTIC INGREDIENTS

Mathew Penrose

in Random Geometric Graphs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506263
eISBN:
9780191707858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506263.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter derives some probabilistic results for later use. A dependency graph for a family of random variables is a deterministic graph with vertex-set identified with the random variables and ... More


Findings

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0018
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This book deals with market concentration trends in the information sector as a whole. Its thesis is that similar dynamics take place across industries, including mass media, and that they lead to ... More


Rewards 2: The Biology of Nectar

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the biology of nectar, the main secondary floral reward in an evolutionary sense. As a commodity, nectar is easy for plants to produce and easy for animals to handle; its sugars ... More


PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE ESTIMATES

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The discussion on the variational solutions is further developed in this chapter, where more delicate estimates of the pressure and temperature necessary for future analysis are obtained. These are ... More


Preliminaries

Juan Luis Vázquez

in Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter provides necessary preliminaries on functional analysis, comparison results, and the fundamentals of the PME. Section 1.2 provides the basic information on the equation that will serve ... More


Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany

Robert Gellately

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205609
eISBN:
9780191676697
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205609.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Nazis never won a majority in free elections, but soon after Hitler took power most Germans turned away from democracy and backed the Nazi regime. Hitler was able to win growing support even as ... More


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