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Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Melissa Terras

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The ink and stylus tablets discovered at the Roman fort of Vindolanda are a unique resource for scholars of ancient history. However, the stylus tablets in particular are extremely difficult to read. ... More


INTRODUCTION

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More


Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


Introduction

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter gives a very brief introduction to computability emphasising concepts playing an important role here. The chapter describes how in the 1920s the interest of Alan Turing in describing in ... More


Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Introduction

Neil Rhodes

in Shakespeare and the Origins of English

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245727
eISBN:
9780191715259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245727.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This introductory chapter presents the book both as a study of English before English existed as a subject in its own right (comparable with what were known as ‘conjectural histories’ in the 18th ... More


Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


The Shifting Interests of the US Government in the Development and Diffusion of Information Technology Since 1943

Arthur L. Norberg

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the dominant role of government agencies in providing support for computing during the last four decades. By extending the discussion over three phases, the chapter enlarges the ... More


Conclusions: Patterns, Practices, and Implications

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter addresses the various issues raised in this book. It also identifies patterns of behavior and extracts lessons, finally situating the role of IT of the public sector into the broader ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


The creation of the NPL Mathematics Division

Mary Croarken

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In April 1945, the journal Nature announced that the National Physical Laboratory would ‘extend its activities by the establishment of a Mathematics Division’. The new Mathematics Division was ... More


Digital Applications in Tax and Financial Operations

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

One of the largest and most pervasive uses of computers by all governments across the American economy has been for accounting applications. While the fundamental missions and tasks have not changed ... More


Digital Applications in Law Enforcement

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses technologies adopted by the law enforcement community over a half century. Specifically, it looks at the use of computing by policing agencies, courts, and corrections, with a ... More


Digital Applications in the Federal Government: The Social Security Administration, the Bureau of the Census, and the U.S. Postal Service

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the impact of IT on the work of the Social Security Administration (SSA), the Bureau of the Census, and the US Postal Service (USPS). All three organizations extensively use ... More


Digital Applications in Schools

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of information technology in public schools. Topics covered include computing in educational administration from the 1950s to 2000s, the use of computers ... More


Digital Applications in Higher Education

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of computing in higher education. Topics covered include administrative uses, teaching and computers, role of computing in academic research, IT in the ... More


The Philosophy of Information

Luciano Floridi

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book brings together the outcome of ten years of research. It is based on a simple project, which was begun towards the end of the 1990s: information is a crucial concept, which deserves a ... More


WHY MACHINE MORALITY?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Artificial moral agents are necessary and inevitable. Innovative technologies are converging on sophisticated systems that will require some capacity for moral decision making. With the ... More


Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

A. C. Davison, Yadolah Dodge, and N. Wermuth (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Sir David Cox is among the most important statisticians of the past half-century, making pioneering and highly influential contributions to a wide range of topics in statistics and applied ... More


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