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The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

William Aspray

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There ... More


Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


Women in Computer Science or Management Information Systems Courses: A Comparative Analysis

Sylvia Beyer and Michelle DeKeuster

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses research on three issues related to women's representation in undergraduate IT majors. First, it presents findings regarding gender differences in computer science and ... More


Karen Ida Boalth Spärck Jones 1935–2007

S. G. Pulman

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 166, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IX

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264751
eISBN:
9780191734229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264751.003.0014
Subject:
History, Historiography

Karen Spärck Jones produced over 200 publications, including nine books, in her long research career. She received many awards and honours, including the Association for Computing Machinery (Special ... More


The Rise of Computer Science

Nathan Ensmenger

in The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262050937
eISBN:
9780262289351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262050937.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the emergence of computer science as the representative science of modern computing. It suggests that its rise as an academic discipline between the 1970s and the 1990s reflects ... More


Lost in Translation: Gender and High School Computer Science

Joanna Goode, Rachel Estrella, and Jane Margolis

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents four themes that suggest some reasons why and how high school female students are — or are not — drawn into the field of computer science through their high school experiences. ... More


Gender Differences among Students in Computer Science and Applied Information Technology

Christine Ogan, Jean C. Robinson, Manju Ahuja, and Susan C. Herring

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter reports on a study that compares the demographics, attitudes, and computing-related behaviors of undergraduate and graduate students majoring in computer science with those majoring in ... More


The Consensus

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines current views on the between physical and mental even, particularly at the broad consensus which exists in science and philosophy. It concludes by looking briefly at quantum ... More


Applications to Other Fields

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores how spin glass concepts have found use in and, in some cases, further advanced areas such as computational complexity, combinatorial optimization, neural networks, protein ... More


Traversing the Undergraduate Curriculum in Computer Science: Where Do Students Stumble?

Sandra Katz, John Aronis, Christine Wilson, David Allbritton, and Mary Lou Soffa

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The underrepresentation of females among computer science Bachelor of Science degree recipients is attributed to two main forces: (i) fewer women than men enroll in computer science programs at the ... More


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