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The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

William Aspray

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There ... More


Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


Women in Computer Science or Management Information Systems Courses: A Comparative Analysis

Sylvia Beyer and Michelle DeKeuster

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses research on three issues related to women's representation in undergraduate IT majors. First, it presents findings regarding gender differences in computer science and ... More


The Rise of Computer Science

Nathan Ensmenger

in The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262050937
eISBN:
9780262289351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262050937.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the emergence of computer science as the representative science of modern computing. It suggests that its rise as an academic discipline between the 1970s and the 1990s reflects ... More


Karen Ida Boalth Spärck Jones 1935–2007

S. G. Pulman

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 166, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IX

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264751
eISBN:
9780191734229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264751.003.0014
Subject:
History, Historiography

Karen Spärck Jones produced over 200 publications, including nine books, in her long research career. She received many awards and honours, including the Association for Computing Machinery (Special ... More


Lost in Translation: Gender and High School Computer Science

Joanna Goode, Rachel Estrella, and Jane Margolis

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents four themes that suggest some reasons why and how high school female students are — or are not — drawn into the field of computer science through their high school experiences. ... More


Gender Differences among Students in Computer Science and Applied Information Technology

Christine Ogan, Jean C. Robinson, Manju Ahuja, and Susan C. Herring

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter reports on a study that compares the demographics, attitudes, and computing-related behaviors of undergraduate and graduate students majoring in computer science with those majoring in ... More


The Consensus

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines current views on the between physical and mental even, particularly at the broad consensus which exists in science and philosophy. It concludes by looking briefly at quantum ... More


Applications to Other Fields

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores how spin glass concepts have found use in and, in some cases, further advanced areas such as computational complexity, combinatorial optimization, neural networks, protein ... More


Traversing the Undergraduate Curriculum in Computer Science: Where Do Students Stumble?

Sandra Katz, John Aronis, Christine Wilson, David Allbritton, and Mary Lou Soffa

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The underrepresentation of females among computer science Bachelor of Science degree recipients is attributed to two main forces: (i) fewer women than men enroll in computer science programs at the ... More


A Critical Review of the Research on Women’s Participation in Postsecondary Computing Education

J. McGrath Cohoon and William Aspray

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter reviews the literature on women in postsecondary computing education. It highlights two conditions that contribute to the persistence of women's underrepresentation. The first condition ... More


Engineering Educational Opportunity: Impacts of 1970s and 1980s Policies to Increase the Share of Black College Graduates with a Major in Engineering or Computer Science

Catherine J. Weinberger

in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226468334
eISBN:
9780226468471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226468471.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, U.S. institutions of higher education began to address long-standing patterns of exclusion. Initial efforts to improve the access of black students to engineering ... More


Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Frederic Danion, PhD and Mark Latash, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. Scientists working in the area of control of voluntary movements come from ... More


Language as Social Software

Rohit Parikh

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Parikh discusses recent developments in computer science, especially in the areas of program correctness, dynamic logic, and temporal logic. He then develops a meaning theory for a natural language ... More


Just Get Over It or Just Get On with It: Retaining Women in Undergraduate Computing

J. McGrath Cohoon

in Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033459
eISBN:
9780262255929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033459.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the findings of the first nationwide study of factors that lead to gendered outcomes in undergraduate computer science departments. Multiple methods, measures, and cases were ... More


The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Kelly S. Mix, Linda B. Smith, and Michael Gasser (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In this book, we ask how space, language, and thought interact in learning and development. This encompasses not only how children learn about space and spatial language, but also how language and ... More


Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Thomas F. Shipley and Jeffrey M. Zacks (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We effortlessly remember all sorts of events — from simple events like people walking to complex events like leaves blowing in the wind. We can also remember and describe these events, and in ... More


The Architecture of the Computer

John Harwood

in The Interface: IBM and the Transformation of Corporate Design, 1945-1976

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816670390
eISBN:
9781452946825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816670390.003.0003
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter deals with the contributions of industrial engineers to the design of computers. Industrial engineers are primarily concerned with the spatial and functional relations of the machine to ... More


Looking at Information Security Through an Interdisciplinary Lens: Computer Science as a Social Science: Applications to Computer Security

Jonathan Pincus, Sarah Blankinship, and Tomasz Ostwald

in Harboring Data: Information Security, Law, and the Corporation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760089
eISBN:
9780804772594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760089.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter argues for a multidisciplinary perspective in analyzing information security. Developing the best information security practices requires broadening the scope of current perspectives on ... More


Relational Dynamics at British Aerospace

Thomas Kern and Leslie P. Willcocks

in The Relationship Advantage: Information Technologies, Sourcing, and Management

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241927
eISBN:
9780191696985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241927.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses a case study of the outsourcing arrangement between British Aerospace (BAe) and Computer Science Corporation (CSC). The case study presents an example of a total outsourcing ... More


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