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Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book presents a unified approach to understanding memory, attention, and decision-making. It shows how these fundamental functions for cognitive neuroscience can be understood in a common and ... More


Afterword: Marr’s Vision and Computational Neuroscience

Tomaso Poggio

in Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262514620
eISBN:
9780262289610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262514620.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter discusses a vision of computational neuroscience, and also addresses what has happened since the publication of David Marr’s Vision. It argues that it is now time to reemphasize the ... More


Introduction

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Computational Brain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533393
eISBN:
9780262339650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533393.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book introduces a conceptual framework for brain function based on large populations of neurons. It advances the hypothesis that emergent properties are high-level effects that depend on ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Andreas Heinz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

For many psychiatric disorders, neurobiological findings do not help to diagnose a specific disease or to predict its outcome. This book suggests to take a new look at mental disorders by using ... More


Neuroscience Overview

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Computational Brain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533393
eISBN:
9780262339650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533393.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides an overview of the “neuroscience” component of the “computational neuroscience” synergy. It begins with a discussion of three ideas about levels in nervous systems: levels of ... More


Computational Approaches for Studying Mechanisms of Psychiatric Disorders

Zeb Kurth-Nelson, John P. O’Doherty, Deanna M. Barch, Sophie Denève, Daniel Durstewitz, Michael J. Frank, Joshua A. Gordon, Sanjay J. Mathew, Yael Niv, Kerry Ressler, and Heike Tost

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Vast spectra of biological and psychological processes are potentially involved in the mechanisms of psychiatric illness. Computational neuroscience brings a diverse toolkit to bear on understanding ... More


Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Approaches to Deconstructing Mental Function and Dysfunction

Michael J. Frank

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Advances in our understanding of brain function and dysfunction require the integration of heterogeneous sources of data across multiple levels of analysis, from biophysics to cognition and back. ... More


Neural Computation, Multiple Realizability, and the Prospects for Mechanistic Explanation

David M. Kaplan

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There is an ongoing philosophical and scientific debate concerning the nature of computational explanation in the neurosciences. Recently, some have cited modeling work involving so-called canonical ... More


John Wilson Moore

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

John Moore initially became known for elucidating the action of tetrodotoxin and other neurotoxins using his innovative sucrose gap method for voltage clamping squid axon. He also was a pioneer in ... More


Principles and Conclusions

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the computational neuroscience of vision. The results show that the responses of many inferior temporal visual cortex neurons have ... More


Clinical Heterogeneity Arising from Categorical and Dimensional Features of the Neurobiology of Psychiatric Diagnoses: Insights from Neuroimaging and Computational Neuroscience

John H. Krystal, Alan Anticevic, John D. Murray, David Glahn, Naomi Driesen, Genevieve Yang, and Xiao-Jing Wang

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Clinical heterogeneity presents important challenges to optimizing psychiatric diagnoses and treatments. Patients clustered within current diagnostic schema vary widely on many features of their ... More


For a theory of cognitive rehabilitation: Progress in the decade of the brain

Argye E. Hillis

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

A theory of cognitive rehabilitation should specify how change from a damaged state of cognitive processing can be modified into a normal, or ... More


Introduction

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The introduction discusses the coverage of this book, which is about the computational neuroscience of vision. It introduces some of the background for understanding brain computation and discusses ... More


Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The aim of this book is to provide insight into the principles of operation of the cerebral cortex. These principles are key to understanding how we, as humans, function. There have been few previous ... More


The Churchlands’ War on Qualia

Mark Crooks

in The Case for Qualia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232661
eISBN:
9780262286497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232661.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses psychoneural identity theory and how it aims to discredit sensory phenomenology—or qualia—for philosophical realist and reductionist programs. Paul and Patricia Churchland’s ... More


Sense of Agency and Its Disruption: Clinical and Computational Perspectives

Paul Fletcher and Aikaterini Fotopoulou

in The Sense of Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190267278
eISBN:
9780190267308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190267278.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Sense of agency—the feeling of being the author of one’s actions—may be a critical component of one’s sense of self and of one’s interaction with the world. Insights from clinical and experimental ... More


Perception

Joel Z. Leibo and Tomaso Poggio

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter provides an overview of biological perceptual systems and their underlying computational principles focusing on the sensory sheets of the retina and cochlea and exploring how complex ... More


Concluding and Beyond

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Computational Brain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533393
eISBN:
9780262339650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533393.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This concluding chapter explores future avenues for research and what remains to be done if the computer-modeling projects aimed at understanding the mysteries of the brain are to progress. In ... More


An Interview with Jack Cowan

Philip Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Jack Cowan, educated at Edinburgh University, Imperial College, and MIT, is one of the pioneers of continuous approaches to neural networks and brain modeling. He has made many important ... More


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