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The Role of the Body in Infant Language Learning

Chen Yu and Dana H. Ballard

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

We show in a series of three related studies that intentional cues encoded in body movements can provide very specific gains to language learning. A computational model is developed on the basis of ... More


Sensory Cue Integration

Julia Trommershäuser, Konrad Kording, and Michael S. Landy (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This book provides an introduction into both computational models and experimental paradigms that are concerned with sensory cue integration both within and between sensory modalities. Importantly, ... More


The Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Normal and Disordered Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Todd S. Braver, Jonathan D. Cohen, and Deanna M. Barch

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents a theory of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function using the connectionist computational modeling framework. This modeling approach involves three components: (1) computational ... More


Computational Models

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The computer revolution produced two quite different streams of work on lightness perception. These streams are represented by decomposition models and brightness models, respectively. Perhaps the ... More


Synaptic ‘Noise’: Experiments, Computational Consequences and Methods to Analyse Experimental Data

Alain Destexhe and Michelle Rudolph-Lilith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

In the cerebral cortex of awake animals, neurons are subject to tremendous fluctuating activity, mostly of synaptic origin, termed “synaptic noise”. Synaptic noise is the dominant source of membrane ... More


Computer models of (music) cognition

Geraint A. Wiggins

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adds further comments on the discussion in Chapter 16. It provides a detailed account of the theoretical underpinnings of the computational modelling of cognitive processes. It is ... More


The Influence of Emotion Studies

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter suggests that core studies of emotion can contribute importantly to speech models. Inadequacies of current speech models are pointed out and the usefulness of an integrated physical ... More


In search of the mechanisms of multisensory development

Denis Mareschal, Gert Westermann, and Nadja Althaus

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter asks how multisensory perception can develop. That is, what are the mechanisms by which separate modalities become differentiated and integrated during the first years of life? This ... More


Dynamic and Connectionist Approaches to Development: Toward a Future of Mutually Beneficial Coevolution

Michael S. C. Thomas, James L. McClelland, Fiona M. Richardson, Anna C. Schapiro, and Frank D. Baughman

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A tension has existed between connectionism and dynamic systems theory (DST), and this chapter considers why this should be the case. The chapter argues that much of the tension arises from a tenet ... More


Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Isabel Gauthier, Michael Tarr, and Daniel Bub (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This book surveys the study of perceptual expertise in visual object recognition, introducing a variety of questions, research findings, and extant issues that have emerged from recent studies of ... More


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