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The Role of the Body in Infant Language Learning

Chen Yu and Dana H. Ballard

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

We show in a series of three related studies that intentional cues encoded in body movements can provide very specific gains to language learning. A computational model is developed on the basis of ... More


Sensory Cue Integration

Julia Trommershäuser, Konrad Kording, and Michael S. Landy (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This book provides an introduction into both computational models and experimental paradigms that are concerned with sensory cue integration both within and between sensory modalities. Importantly, ... More


The Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Normal and Disordered Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Todd S. Braver, Jonathan D. Cohen, and Deanna M. Barch

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents a theory of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function using the connectionist computational modeling framework. This modeling approach involves three components: (1) computational ... More


Computational Models

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The computer revolution produced two quite different streams of work on lightness perception. These streams are represented by decomposition models and brightness models, respectively. Perhaps the ... More


Synaptic ‘Noise’: Experiments, Computational Consequences and Methods to Analyse Experimental Data

Alain Destexhe and Michelle Rudolph-Lilith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

In the cerebral cortex of awake animals, neurons are subject to tremendous fluctuating activity, mostly of synaptic origin, termed “synaptic noise”. Synaptic noise is the dominant source of membrane ... More


Computer models of (music) cognition

Geraint A. Wiggins

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adds further comments on the discussion in Chapter 16. It provides a detailed account of the theoretical underpinnings of the computational modelling of cognitive processes. It is ... More


An Integrated Model of Two-Party Elections

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter introduces a model of two-party elections that integrates the focused models of party competition, turnout, and voter choice. To address the complexity of this synthetic model, ... More


The Influence of Emotion Studies

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter suggests that core studies of emotion can contribute importantly to speech models. Inadequacies of current speech models are pointed out and the usefulness of an integrated physical ... More


Dynamic and Connectionist Approaches to Development: Toward a Future of Mutually Beneficial Coevolution

Michael S. C. Thomas, James L. McClelland, Fiona M. Richardson, Anna C. Schapiro, and Frank D. Baughman

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A tension has existed between connectionism and dynamic systems theory (DST), and this chapter considers why this should be the case. The chapter argues that much of the tension arises from a tenet ... More


Agent-Based Computational Model

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part describes the agent-based and computational model for Agent_Zero and demonstrates its capacity for generative minimalism. It first explains the replicability of the model before offering an ... More


In search of the mechanisms of multisensory development

Denis Mareschal, Gert Westermann, and Nadja Althaus

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter asks how multisensory perception can develop. That is, what are the mechanisms by which separate modalities become differentiated and integrated during the first years of life? This ... More


Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Isabel Gauthier, Michael Tarr, and Daniel Bub (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This book surveys the study of perceptual expertise in visual object recognition, introducing a variety of questions, research findings, and extant issues that have emerged from recent studies of ... More


Trial-by-trial data analysis using computational models: (Tutorial Review)

Nathaniel D. Daw

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Researchers have recently begun to integrate computational models into the analysis of neural and behavioural data, particularly in experiments on reward learning and decision making. This chapter ... More


Computational Mechanisms of the Visual Processing of Action Stimuli

Falk Fleischer and Martin A. Giese

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Computational models are fundamentally important for testing the feasibility of theories of the visual processing of body movements and for deriving well-defined theoretical predictions that can be ... More


Developmental and Computational Approaches to Variation in Working Memory

Yuko Munakata, J. Bruce Morton, and Randall C. O'Reilly

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the working memory processes that contribute to the ability to handle tasks and differences that lead to variations in these working memory processes. Two processes are focused ... More


Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Joscha Bach

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition—they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or ... More


Colour Constancy: Developing Empirical Tests of Computational Models

David H. Brainard, James M. Kraft, and Philippe Longère

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter focuses on computational theories of colour constancy, which define particular ensembles of scenes where some degree of colour constancy is possible and express algorithms that achieve ... More


A Computational Model for the Representation and Processing of Shape in Coverbal Iconic Gestures <sup>1</sup>

Timo Sowa and Ipke Wachsmuth

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Gesturing provides an important communicative resource for spatial language. This chapter examines the morphological variety of iconic gestures in shape descriptions and the verbal utterances they ... More


Modeling the origins of object knowledge

Denis Mareschal and Andrew J. Bremner

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Computational models can be outlined into two distinct kinds: symbolic models and connectionist models. One particular focus of computational modeling research has been the development of object ... More


Rules of Order: Process Models of Human Learning

Josef Nerb, Frank E. Ritter, and Pat Langley

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science is concerned not only with data, but also with models or theories that explain those data. Because human cognition is dynamic and involves change over time, accounts of cognition often take ... More


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