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Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This a research study about logic. Logic is both part of and has roles in many disciplines, including inter alia, mathematics, computing, and philosophy. The topic covered here — the mathematical ... More


INTRODUCTION

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More


LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a new development of the famous Language of Thought hypothesis, which has since the 1970s been at the centre of interdisciplinary debate about how the mind works. The book defends ... More


Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More


Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes basic concepts and tools for tractably performing the computations described in the rest of this book. The need for fast algorithms for such analysis subroutines is becoming ... More


Epilogue

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Presents some general reflections on the role and the challenges of probabilistic modelling in philosophy.


Outlook

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book has discussed the foundations of quantum information science as well as the relationship between physics and information theory in general. It has considered the quantum equivalents of the ... More


Neural Networks and Brain Function

Edmund Rolls and Alessandro Treves

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The aim of this book is to describe the types of computation that can be performed by biologically plausible neural networks, and to show how these may be implemented in different systems in the ... More


Computations, Transition Formulae, and the Local Index Formula

Simon Scott

in Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198568360
eISBN:
9780191594748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

In this chapter the constructions of chapters 1 and 2 for are illustrated with explicit computations. The first part of the chapter presents various methods of computation commonly used in the ... More


Structure Defines Function

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The neocortex is built from five principal-cell types and numerous classes of interneurons. Early formulation of cortical structure emphasized the modularity of the neocortex. Its robust local ... More


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