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Compulsory Licenses under TRIPS: An Introduction

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter aims to bring clarity to the contentious and confusing question of what types of compulsory licenses are permissible under TRIPS. It first clarifies the actual TRIPS rules on compulsory ... More


Intellectual Property and Health in Developing Countries

Jean Tirole

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low- and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


Compulsory License Case Study: An Introduction to Competing Patent Perspectives

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter builds upon the basic rules for compulsory licenses under TRIPS (Chapter 5) and also provides a complementary examination of compulsory licenses. It introduces competing patent ... More


Complicated Compulsory Licenses: The Waiver/Article 31bis “Solution”

Cynthia M. Ho

in Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195390124
eISBN:
9780199894536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explains an important, yet often misunderstood exception to the TRIPS requirement that a compulsory license must be issued predominantly for domestic use (except where issued to address ... More


Compulsory Licensing: Local Working in Global Economy

Feroz Ali

in The Access Regime: Patent Law Reforms for Affordable Medicines

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199463480
eISBN:
9780199086344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463480.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The shift from working models of inventions to written disclosures allowed patentees to license inventions solely on the basis of the written specification that passed muster at the patent office. ... More


The WIPO Development Agenda in an Historical and Political Context

Pedro Roffe and Gina Vea

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter traces the chain of events and political debate surrounding the evolution of the international intellectual property (IP) architecture from the establishment of the Paris Convention in ... More


Trips Patent Regime: The Poverty Penalty

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the issue of access-to-medication in developing countries. It notes that these developing countries have struggled to balance patent rights with the issue of ... More


Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Srividhya Ragavan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

For developing countries, the concept of sustainable development, as opposed to rapid pockets of development, embodies great promise for socio-political reasons. Most analyses of development, ... More


A New Approach to the Compulsory License Conundrum

Cynthia M. Ho

in Patent Law in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334278
eISBN:
9780199361106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334278.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter addresses the controversial topic of compulsory licenses by considering the international legal framework in conjunction with insights from social science research. The chapter suggests ... More


Public Policies to Stimulate Development of Vaccines for Neglected Diseases

Michael Kremer

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on low-and middle-income countries’ health care. There are two different reasons why poor countries may not have access to ... More


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