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Theories of Complexity

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter defines major concepts in complexity theory, giving an overview of its foundations and describing the most important theoretical perspectives currently being explored. It links ... More


Graphs and Homomorphisms

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nesetril

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

Graph theory is now an established discipline but the study of graph homomorphisms has only recently begun to gain wide acceptance and interest. This text is devoted entirely to the subject, bringing ... More


Introduction

Anat Ninio

in Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of this book, which is to propose the integration of up-to-date principles of theoretical linguistics, cognitive psychology, and ... More


The Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The behavioral sciences include economics, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and political science, as well as biology insofar as it deals with animal and human behavior. These disciplines have ... More


The Modern Theory of Induction

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A theory of induction, based on the formalism of algorithmic complexity theory, is introduced in this chapter. This is then used to underpin a theory of learning and a computable basis for inductive ... More


CONNECTIONS TO APPROXIMATION ALGORITHMS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the currently known connections between fixed-parameter and polynomial-time approximation algorithmics. Important topics in this context are lower bound and impossibility ... More


Democratic Piety: Complexity, Conflict and Violence

Adrian Little

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748633654
eISBN:
9780748652709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633654.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book presents an analysis of the nature of democratic theory, focusing on the prevalence of pious discourses of democracy in contemporary politics. Democracy is now promoted in religious terms ... More


Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Michael Wolf-Branigin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829460
eISBN:
9780199315895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829460.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Complexity theory provides a promising framework for organizing and conducting social work research and evaluation. This book explores the history and roots of complexity and related concepts by ... More


Complexity Theory and Democratic Politics

Adrian Little

in Democratic Piety: Complexity, Conflict and Violence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748633654
eISBN:
9780748652709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633654.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter points to the way in which the idea of complexity has had a substantial impact in fields such as public policy and organisational theory, whilst noting that it has rarely been applied to ... More


PRELIMINARIES AND AGREEMENTS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter introduces the basic mathematical formalism and discusses concepts used throughout the book. Among other things, it looks at decision problems vs optimization problems, Random Access ... More


The growth of syntax

Anat Ninio

in Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines the role of the environment in syntactic development, and argues for novel conceptualization derived from complexity theory. According to this view, language is a complex ... More


Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Anat Ninio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Language development remains one of the most hotly debated topics in the cognitive sciences. In recent years, we have seen contributions to the debate from researchers in psychology, linguistics, ... More


Complexity, Democratisation and Conflict

Adrian Little

in Democratic Piety: Complexity, Conflict and Violence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748633654
eISBN:
9780748652709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633654.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter builds upon the combination of complexity theory and post-structuralism to draw out the implications of complexity for understanding political conflicts. By examining the dynamics of ... More


Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Mark A. Bedau and Paul Humphreys (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Emergence, largely ignored just thirty years ago, has become one of the liveliest areas of research in both philosophy and science. Fueled by advances in complexity theory, artificial life, physics, ... More


Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Cities and regions are highly complex but ordered systems. They are thus best understood by modelling within the framework of the theory of complex, self-organizing systems. This theory suggests that ... More


Applying complexity theory: Whole systems approaches to criminal justice and social work

Aaron Pycroft and Clemens Bartollas (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447311409
eISBN:
9781447311430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311409.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Approaches based around complexity theory are increasingly being used in the study of organisations and the delivery of services. This is the first book to explore the application of complexity ... More


The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

John Mayfield

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The concepts of evolution and complexity theory have become part of the intellectual ether permeating the life sciences, the social and behavioral sciences, and, more recently, management science and ... More


Introduction

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Explains the rationale and need for a dialogue between Hinduism and science, while clarifying the specific texts and traditions that will be involved here, as well as the methodology. In addition, it ... More


Placing health: Neighbourhood renewal, health improvement and complexity

Tim Blackman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346117
eISBN:
9781447302971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346117.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Where people live matters to their health. Health-improvement strategies often target where people live, but do they work? This book tackles this question by exploring new theoretical, empirical, and ... More


Syntactic development, its input and output

Anat Ninio

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565962
eISBN:
9780191725616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565962.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book places the syntactic learning process under close scrutiny. The focus of the book is on the characteristics of linguistic input and the resultant output, which, the book shows, do not ... More


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