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Theories of Complexity

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter defines major concepts in complexity theory, giving an overview of its foundations and describing the most important theoretical perspectives currently being explored. It links ... More


Studying Emergence:: 15 Fields of Complexity Science

Benyamin Lichtenstein

in Generative Emergence: A New Discipline of Organizational, Entrepreneurial, and Social Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199933594
eISBN:
9780199388370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933594.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The origins of complexity science lie in 50+ years of research into nonlinear dynamics in the fields of mathematics, physics, biology, information science, and system dynamics. Following numerous ... More


Complexity: A New Kind of Science?

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on Stephen Wolfram, an early advocate of the importance of complexity science. He founded the Journal of Complex Systems back in 1987, and saw the transformational aspect of ... More


Twin Peaks

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter provides an overview of the book’s main themes. It discusses the notion of a complexity frame, which is a fundamentally different policy frame provided by complexity science. The central ... More


Generative Emergence: A New Discipline of Organizational, Entrepreneurial, and Social Innovation

Benyamin B. Lichtenstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199933594
eISBN:
9780199388370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933594.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Emergence, the creation of structures, organizations, and social entities, is increasingly important, but it can only be understood by integrating research from dozens of disciplines. This book ... More


Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

David Colander and Roland Kupers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Complexity science—made possible by modern analytical and computational advances—is changing the way we think about social systems and social theory. Unfortunately, economists’ policy models have not ... More


The Complexity Policy Frame

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter spells out the complexity policy frame in more detail. It begins with a brief introduction to complexity science, since it is the basis for the policy frame itself. It then outlines the ... More


Reflecting on Max Boisot’s Ashby Space Applied to Complexity Management

Bill McKelvey

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

I had the most papers with Max. Working with him was like mating a tiger with an elephant: hard work but the offspring are very creative! The offspring? The Foresight chapter uses our updating of ... More


Bringing Complexity thinking to Curriculum Development: Implications for Faculty and Medical Student Stress and Resilience

Cathy Risdon and Sue Baptiste

in First Do No Self Harm: Understanding and Promoting Physician Stress Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195383263
eISBN:
9780199344871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383263.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter presents an account of a curricular "experiment" at McMaster University in Canada that set out to enhance "resilience" for medical students, some theoretical underpinnings drawn from ... More


Introduction: From Chaos to Intimacy, A Primer

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Introduction first reviews basic principles of Chaos Theory and the Science of Complexity that have provided new ways of understanding self-organization and evolutionary change in the universe. ... More


Downward Causation and Autonomy in Weak Emergence

Mark A. Bedau

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and attempts to resolve the recurrent philosophical problem that is emergence. Emergent phenomena seem metaphysically objectionable, and some of these objections can be traced ... More


Implementing Influence Policy

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter first discusses the goals of complexity policy and how consideration of those goals is different than in the standard policy frame. It then discusses the way in which complexity models ... More


Evolution of Institutions and Organizations

Thomas E. Currie, Peter Turchin, Jenna Bednar, Peter J. Richerson, Georg Schwesinger, Sven Steinmo, Romain Wacziarg, and John J. Wallis

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Some economists argue that institutions are the most important factor affecting variation in economic growth. We need, however, to better understand how and why institutions emerge and change. This ... More


The Economics of Influence

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The complexity frame leads to a number of changes in the way we think of economic policy. This chapter considers norms policy because it is expected to be the most controversial. It argues that, as ... More


Laissez-Faire Activism

David Colander and Roland Kupers

in Complexity and the Art of Public Policy: Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169132
eISBN:
9781400850136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169132.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reconsiders the structure and governance issues of corporations and enterprises more generally as a concrete example of how a complexity approach changes the way we think about policy. ... More


Media Effects, Communication, and Complexity Science Insights on Games for Learning

John L. Sherry

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines media effects, communication, and complexity science insights on games for learning. More specifically, it considers how a communication perspective can contribute to research ... More


Introduction to Complex Systems

Stefan Thurner, Rudolf Hanel, and Peter Klimekl

in Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198821939
eISBN:
9780191861062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821939.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The science of complex systems is not an offspring of physics, biology, or the socialsciences, but a unique mix of all three. By recalling what these diciplines are, wedevelop an intuitive feel for ... More


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