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Complexity, Evolution, and the Structure of Demand

John Foster and Jason Potts

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that evolutionary economics should be founded upon complex systems theory rather than neo-Darwinian analogies concerning natural selection, which focus on supply side ... More


Theories of Complexity

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter defines major concepts in complexity theory, giving an overview of its foundations and describing the most important theoretical perspectives currently being explored. It links ... More


Predictability and Control in Complex Systems

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the key difference between the two paradigms of crisis management described in Chapters 2 and 3. The traditional crisis planning process described in Chapter 2 depends on the ... More


The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book explores a theory of language evolution as a complex adaptive system that exists as a cultural artifact without any requirement for innate abstract grammatical representations. Language ... More


Self‐transformation, Self‐organization, and Evolutionary Adaptation in the Economic Process

J. Stan Metcalfe and Ronnie Ramlogan

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter focuses on the connection between economic adaptation and economic development and growth. It argues that economic adaptation is inseparable from the growth of knowledge, and that market ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


Why Hearts Don't Love and Brains Don't Pump

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter addresses one of the most fundamental issues of brain science: what distinguishes the brain from other organs, and what distinguishes the human brain from the brains of other mammals? ... More


A new view

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further develops the Component Theory of Skill Acquisition. Halloy's theory of complex systems is used as inspiration for proposing a mechanism whereby practice on a task affects ... More


Intersections Between Micro/Nano Technologies And Biological Sciences

Chih‐Ming Ho

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

In this chapter, we discuss the developments of knowledge and technology bases to move from nano/micro sciences toward technology system for enriching human lives. We review the basic understanding ... More


Introduction

Lawrence E. Blume and Steven N. Durlauf

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The topics in this book are derived from work done at the conference The Economy as an Evolving Complex System III, held at the Santa Fe Institute in November 2001. To a great extent, the original ... More


Are Spin Glasses Complex Systems?

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter considers how spin glass science fits into the larger area of complexity studies. It discusses three landmark papers in the field of complexity, by Warren Weaver, Herb Simon, and Phil ... More


Mechanisms in dynamically complex systems

Meinard Kuhlmann

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0041
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In recent debates mechanisms are often discussed in the context of ‘complex systems’ which are understood as having a complicated compositional structure. The chapter wants to draw attention to ... More


Grammar as a Complex Adaptive System

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents the theory of complex adaptive systems (CASs) as a basis for the evolution of grammar. From this perspective, grammatical structure and language in general exist as an invisible ... More


Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Anne-Lise Christensen

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In this context the first chapter concentrates on Luria's theories and his work in science, stressing individuality and variability. In his diagnostic methods two issues are emphasized: (1) the ... More


Financial Market Complexity

Neil F. Johnson, Paul Jefferies, and Pak Ming Hui

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526650
eISBN:
9780191712104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526650.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Financial markets provide a fascinating example of ‘complexity in action’: a real-world complex system whose evolution is dictated by the decisions of crowds of traders who are continually trying to ... More


Human Service Organizations: Dead or Alive?

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Mental models are the largely unconscious ideas and beliefs that structure what we think about–and what we do not consider. Mental models represent mental short-cuts and limitations. This chapter ... More


Safety, systems, complexity, and resilience: What makes organizations safe?

Kieran Sweeney and Mike D Williams

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter proposes that when viewing the activities of a hospital, it is helpful to see the organization as a complex adaptive system (CAS). Complex organizations are made up of inter-relating ... More


Bhopal: Catastrophe Making *

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

In this chapter, the authors illustrate a vivid example of the failures of outmoded thinking and the importance of a multi-perspective analysis to avoid future disasters through the experience of the ... More


Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This book describes what happens to human service delivery programs under the impact of unrelenting stress and multiple losses. Never perfect places of safety in the first place, many ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


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