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Art and Embodiment: From Aesthetics to Self-Consciousness

Paul Crowther

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244973
eISBN:
9780191697425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244973.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Critical Aesthetics and Postmodernism (Clarendon Press, 1993) argued that art and aesthetic experiences have the capacity to humanize. In this book, the author develops this theme in ... More


Foundations without Foundationalism: A Case for Second-Order Logic

Stewart Shapiro

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250296
eISBN:
9780191598388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250290.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A language is second‐order, or higher‐order, if it has bound variables that range over properties or sets of the items in the range of the ordinary, first‐order variables. This book presents a formal ... More


Conclusion

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546220
eISBN:
9780191720000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546220.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Given that the generalist element of international legal doctrine has been virtually silent on the problem and implications of the effectiveness and determinacy of international legal regulation, ... More


Putnam's Model‐Theoretic Arguments

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the relevant core of Putnam’s case. Section 3.1 extracts three arguments from Putnam’s writings: the Arguments from Cardinality, Completeness, and Permutation. Of these, section ... More


Changing the Rules

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines other ways the Argument from Completeness might be attacked. It identifies two strategies that the realist might deploy in order to avoid the difficulties engendered by the ... More


TESTING FOR THE EXISTENCE OF HOMOMORPHISMS

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nešetřil

in Graphs and Homomorphisms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter explores the algorithmic aspects of graph homomorphisms and of similar partition problems. The highlights include the dichotomy classification of graph homomorphisms to a fixed target ... More


White Thin Bone: Yeatsian Personhood

Oren Izenberg

in Being Numerous: Poetry and the Ground of Social Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144832
eISBN:
9781400836529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144832.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the philosophical origins and political urgencies of William Butler Yeats's demand for “perfection” and “completeness.” It begins with a discussion of Yeats's conception of ... More


Gödel's Theorem

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter presents an argument for dialetheism which draws on Gödel's first incompleteness theorem. This is a non-constructive argument, which does not produce dialetheias explicitly, but shows ... More


Variational Principles

Joram Lindenstrauss, David Preiss, and Tiˇser Jaroslav

in Fréchet Differentiability of Lipschitz Functions and Porous Sets in Banach Spaces (AM-179)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153551
eISBN:
9781400842698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153551.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This chapter describes smooth variational principles (of Ekeland type) as infinite two-player games. These variational principles are based on a simple but careful recursive choice of points where ... More


Advanced Math: The Hypothetical Conception

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes the idea that advanced mathematics is based on hypotheses—that far from being a priori, it is based on hypothetical assumptions. The concept of quasi-empiricism is often linked ... More


Determinateness, Stratification, and Revenge

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Does the presence of a transfinitely iterable determinacy operator re-create the difficulties with stratified truth theories? This chapter argues that it does not. It begins by pointing out the many ... More


Appearance vs. Reality in the Sciences

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.00013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

In a scientific model typically the phenomena is embedded in a larger nature or reality. Whether we take this at face value or bracket the question of reality, we need to investigate the relations of ... More


Exclusion and Physicalism: Comments on O'Connor and Churchill

Stephan Leuenberger

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

In ‘Is Non‐reductive Physicalism Viable within a Causal Powers Metaphysic’, Timothy O'Connor and John Ross Churchill present a version of the exclusion argument against non‐reductive physicalism. ... More


Hume's Therapeutic Natural History of Philosophy Compared with Kant's Philosophical Therapy

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with what is termed Hume's ‘natural history of philosophy’, as contained in the two brief sections on the ancient and the modern philosophies. It also contains a comparison of the ... More


Emergence vs. Reduction in Chemistry

Robin Findlay Hendry

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Let strict physicalism be any philosophical account of the ontological relationship between the subject matter of physics and other disciplines that is committed to the causal completeness of the ... More


Diagonally noncomputable functions

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter motivates the interaction from randomness to computability. As an example of this interaction it shows how to use Martin–Löf randomness to give a simple injury-free solution to Post's ... More


Relaxation

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The will leads up the steep slope to the Height, so the self is in a state of tension. The first level of love is the presence of beauty. In it, relaxation is revealed as serenity, harmony, and ... More


The Self That Speaks

Rusmir Mahmutćehajić

in The Mosque: The Heart of Submission

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225842
eISBN:
9780823237159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225842.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter presents Islamic teachings about the self. The words “Verily I am God; there is no god but I; therefore serve Me,” which are both Divine and human, testify both to the Complete and to ... More


Idealization Naturalized

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Idealization in grammar is taken as a starting point. Grammatical theory is interpreted as an ‘injective idealization’, from the fragmentary corpus of concrete utterances into an infinite ... More


Logic

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Gappy semantics is used to model indeterminacy with ‘upwards falsity-preservation’ emphasized as much as downwards truth-preservation. This two-way idea is generalized to multiple premiss/multiple ... More


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