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Care Theory and Culture

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the cultural institutions and arrangements best suited for fostering in people a positive disposition toward caring, including the sentiments of sympathy and compassion. A brief ... More


The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Barbara Hannan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is an introduction to the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer. The peculiar inconsistencies and tensions in Schopenhauer's thought are emphasized. A main theme of the book is that ... More


True to Our Feelings: What Our Emotions Are Really Telling Us

Robert C. Solomon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195368536
eISBN:
9780199852031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368536.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book states that we live our lives through our emotions, and that it is our emotions which give our lives meaning. What interests or fascinates us, who we love, what angers us, what moves us, ... More


The Legacy of Republican Patriotism

Maurizio Viroli

in For Love of Country: An Essay On Patriotism and Nationalism

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293583
eISBN:
9780191600289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293585.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Surveys the conception of republican patriotism from Classical Greece and Rome to the civic humanism of the fifteenth century Italian city‐republics. In the classical Roman tradition, the love of the ... More


Community Service

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on philanthropy emphasizes the confluence of self-interest, community service, and the virtues. Although all virtues contribute ... More


Reinhold Niebuhr and the Use of Force

John D. Carlson

in Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the issues in relation to humanitarian interventions, arguing that moral compassion without a sense of the political realities can be disastrous. It also looks at Niebuhr's ... More


Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature

Richard J. Davidson and Anne Harrington (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130430
eISBN:
9780199847327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130430.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book examines how Western behavioral science — which has generally focused on negative aspects of human nature — holds up to cross-cultural scrutiny, in particular the Tibetan Buddhist ... More


Selflessness: The Struggle with Schopenhauer

Christopher Janaway

in Beyond Selflessness: Reading Nietzsche's Genealogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279692
eISBN:
9780191707407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279692.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter summarizes the aspects of Schopenhauer's theory of value and metaphysics that make selflessness a central point of contention, and Nietzsche's response to them. For Schopenhauer, ... More


Adam Smith’s Liberal Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter elucidates the main ways in which Adam Smith’s sentimentalist theory of justice departs from Hume’s. It begins with an objection to grounding political commitments in sympathetic ... More


Kant’s Abandonment of Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Few today are aware that Immanuel Kant embraced moral sentimentalism at one point in his philosophical career, only to later reject it. This chapter argues that Kant's reasons for rejecting ... More


Does Descriptive Representation Facilitate Women’s Distinctive Voice?

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines how women, far more than men, prioritize the protection of vulnerable and poor populations and support government intervention on “compassion” issues. Were women to gain more ... More


Leviticus as Literature

Mary Douglas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244195
eISBN:
9780191600548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244197.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is a study of Leviticus from an anthropological perspective, which presents the biblical work as a literary masterpiece. Seen from this perspective Leviticus has a literary structure that plots ... More


The Good Samaritan

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter supports, in essence, the traditional interpretation of the parable, while at the same time expressing its message in a new, simple and universal language. It rejects fanciful recent ... More


Education

Todd Lewis and Subarna Tuladhar

in Sugata Saurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195341829
eISBN:
9780199866816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341829.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter begins with Siddhārtha's hair‐cutting rite at five years old. This vratabandha rite is also described in accordance with Newari practice. The poet introduces the Amarakosha, an important ... More


The Buddhist Understanding of Other Animals

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Examining the common view that Buddhism is sensitive to nonhuman animals, this chapter concludes that the tradition has an ambivalent view of existence as a nonhuman animal, and that early Buddhists ... More


The Basic Teachings

Todd Lewis and Subarna Tuladhar

in Sugata Saurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195341829
eISBN:
9780199866816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341829.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Hrdaya describes how after his enlightenment the Buddha was nourished by two traveling merchants, traveled to Benares to preach his first sermon to the former five companions, and there established ... More


Introduction

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Many modern theologians advocate the claim that God suffers and are convinced that divine impassibility is untenable on philosophical, exegetical, and broadly religious grounds. As a result, the ... More


The Flood's Creation: More Sinful, More Compassionate (6:1–9:17): Creation Undone (Chaps. 6–7)Creation Remade (8:1–9:17)

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The flood story consists of two balancing sections: the accounts of creation being undone (Genesis 6–7) and creation being remade (Genesis 8:1–9:17). It echoes the original creation (1:1–2:24), but ... More


Compassion: Human and Animal

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Most discussions of the continuity in compassionate concern between humans and other animals focus on continuities and on “good discontinuities,” areas in which humans appear to have superior moral ... More


Responses: A Summing Up

Jonathan Glover

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

“Responses: A Summing Up” replies to the wide‐ranging contributions to the book. It argues for the complete exclusion of torture from public policy, and defends a broadly consequentialist ethical ... More


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