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Theory and Methodology

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study investigated peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in three protracted conflicts in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine. P/CROs are citizen‐initiated ... More


The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Jacques Thomassen

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The purpose of this book is to describe and explain the changes in electoral behaviour that occurred in six West-European countries in the second half of the twentieth century. Two alternative ... More


Islanders, Insularity, and Identity in the Mediterranean

Bernard A. Knapp

in Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus: Identity, Insularity, and Connectivity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237371
eISBN:
9780191717208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237371.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The final chapter reiterates in summary fashion several key issues related to islanders' insularity and identity on prehistoric and early historic Cyprus. Following a discussion of island identities, ... More


The evolution of sex-limited colour polymorphism

Hans Van Gossum, Tom N. Sherratt, and Adolfo Cordero-Rivera

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Species that exhibit genetic colour polymorphism are ideal for studying the micro-evolutionary forces that maintain genetic variation in nature. One very intriguing polymorphism is the coexistence of ... More


2008 to 2010: The Baucus-Conrad Bills, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Democrats gained control of Congress in 2007, and the debates about the CHAMP Act’s comparative effectiveness provisions had occurred against the party’s mobilization to win the White House. With ... More


Opportunities and pitfalls of cross-national research

Uwe Hasebrink, Kjartan Ólafsson, and Václav Štětka

in Kids online: Opportunities and risks for children

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424396
eISBN:
9781447302643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424396.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter addresses some of the key theoretical and methodological questions related to cross-national comparative research, focusing on the research field of (new) media and communication ... More


Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Americans like to believe that the medical care we get from our doctors is based on solid scientific evidence. We hear often that American medical care and medical research are the best in the world. ... More


Comparative Effectiveness Research: A New “Silver Bullet” for U.S. Health Care Costs

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In the early 2000’s “comparative effectiveness research”—finding out what works best in medicine—took its place in the parade of legislative proposals aimed at controlling the nation’s unsustainable ... More


Why Comparative Studies of Vision Matter

Shaun P. Vecera

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses two examples—perceptual grouping and visual attention—to highlight the implications of comparative research for the vision sciences. In perceptual grouping, results from nonhuman ... More


Rhythm

Aniruddh D. Patel

in Music, Language, and the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195123753
eISBN:
9780199848034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123753.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Although there have already been several studies that investigated how rhythm is integrated with the domains of both music and speech, there have rarely been comparative studies regarding musical ... More


Stubborn Roots: Race, Culture, and Inequality in U.S. and South African Schools

Prudence L. Carter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199899630
eISBN:
9780199951147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899630.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education, Race and Ethnicity

This book details a sociological, comparative analysis of the institutional and group dynamics in eight schools located within four cities in the United States and South Africa. This book details how ... More


New Comparative Measures of Income, Material Deprivation, and Well-Being

Timothy M. Smeeding

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0019
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter reviews the research contained in this book. The chapter points to the value of cross-national research efforts in providing the opportunity for those interested in social policy in an ... More


Comparative Historical Analysis

Daniel P. Ritter

in Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198719571
eISBN:
9780191788666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719571.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces the reader to comparative historical analysis (CHA), one of the oldest methods in the social science repertoire. CHA is characterized by its emphasis on historically ... More


Conclusion: The present and future study of street-level bureaucracy

Peter Hupe, Michael Hill, and Aurélien Buffat

in Understanding street-level bureaucracy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447313267
eISBN:
9781447313298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313267.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

What has been put on the table and how to go on from here? With this question leading, this chapter has two main sections. The first of the two concerns the specification of issues, questions and ... More


A comparative approach to understanding human numerical cognition

Kerry E. Jordan and Elizabeth M. Brannon

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Language does not necessarily support all human cognition. Comparative research continues to uncover the links between the cognitive abilities of humans and other animal species that lack language. ... More


Object representation as a central issue in cognitive science

Laurie R. Santos and Bruce M. Hood

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter, the authors discuss some of the most relevant historical works on object representation to have emerged from developmental and comparative research. The authors focus on: the ... More


Method and research design

Jan Carle and Torild Hammer

in Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe: A comparative study

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343680
eISBN:
9781447304388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343680.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter discusses the method and research design, and some of the methodological problems, in the project. The research investigates the outcome of long-term unemployment among youth. There are ... More


The New Progressive Dilemma through the Lens of Comparative Welfare State and Party Research

Dennis C. Spies

in Immigration and Welfare State Retrenchment: Why the US Experience is not Reflected in Western Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198812906
eISBN:
9780191850691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812906.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter summarizes the New Progressive Dilemma (NPD) debate, identifying three arguments from comparative welfare state and party research likely to be relevant to the relationship between ... More


Conclusion: comparative perspectives on social policy language

Klaus Petersen and Daniel Béland

in Analysing social policy concepts and language: Comparative and Transnational Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447306443
eISBN:
9781447311607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306443.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter draws on the previous chapters of this edited volume to point out broad lessons about the cases and issues discussed throughout the volume, which should help stress both the ... More


Children, risk and safety on the internet: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective

Sonia Livingstone and Leslie Haddon (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428837
eISBN:
9781447307723
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

As internet use is extending to younger children, there is an increasing need for research focusing on the risks young users are experiencing, as well as the opportunities, and how they should cope. ... More


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