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Reinventing Primate Neuroscience for the Twenty-First Century

Todd M. Preuss

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter advocates an evolutionary approach to understanding comparative brain anatomy in primates. It argues that deep understanding of the relationships between brain and behavior requires ... More


The Natural History of Man

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739–1841

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757634
eISBN:
9780191817366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757634.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The natural history of man comprises comparative anatomy; what in the eighteenth century was termed ‘physical geography’ (in more modern terms a mix of human geography and physical geography), which ... More


Indian Bones and What White Men Saw in Them

Tim Fulford

in Romantic Indians: Native Americans, British Literature, and Transatlantic Culture 1756-1830

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273379
eISBN:
9780191706332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273379.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter focuses on white theories about the racial and cultural origin of Indians.


The “Normal State” in French Anatomical and Physiological Discourse of the 1820s and 1830s

Peter Cryle and Elizabeth Stephens

in Normality: A Critical Genealogy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226483863
eISBN:
9780226484198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226484198.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The term “normal” first came into usage in French anatomy in the early 1820s. It was used to refer to organs that were fixed in their roles and highly integrated with those around them. In this ... More


Do Elephants Have Knees? And Other Stories of Darwinian Origins

Charles R., Jr. Ault

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501704673
eISBN:
9781501705861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704673.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Thinking whimsically makes serious science accessible. That's a message that should be taken to heart by all readers who want to learn about evolution. This book invites readers into serious ... More


Conclusion

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The French played a distinctive role in the many comparative anatomies of this era. Perrault and the Academy joined anatomy closely to natural history and did not assume uniformity in nature, unlike ... More


Comparative Anatomies: Re-Visions of Racial Science

Britt Rusert

in Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479885688
eISBN:
9781479804702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885688.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter examines how Black and Afro-Native ethnologies published in the 1830s and early 1840s resisted the racist visual cultures of comparative anatomy, including craniology and ethnology. The ... More


Correlation Crosses the Channel

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the Franco-German contexts in which the law of correlation originated, and also considers how Cuvier’s law was used to thwart the transmutationism of Lamarck. It examines ... More


The Animal Projects of the Paris Academy of Sciences

Anita Guerrini

in The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226247663
eISBN:
9780226248332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the last third of the seventeenth century, the Paris Academy of Sciences pursued two dissection projects, of exotic animals and of living and dead domestic animals coupled with the dissection of ... More


The Ethnographic Moment

in The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755672
eISBN:
9780804781923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755672.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter, which explores the site of knowledge production in Egypt and its co-production by Europeans and non-Europeans alike, examines the role of anthropological ideas and practices in the ... More


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