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Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley Faeth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic relationships between plants and fungi are extremely common in nature, ranging from highly parasitic to closely mutualistic. Grasses, which are common and ecologically important components ... More


Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Alex Córdoba-Aguilar (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This book is a collection of nineteen chapters where summaries of major ecological and evolutionary questions have been asked and responded using dragonflies and damselflies as study subjects. Each ... More


Parasitism and Ecosystems

Frédéric Thomas, François Renaud, and Jean-François Guegan (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Ecologists, epidemiologists, and evolutionary biologists are increasingly aware of the significance of parasites in the study of ecosystems. This book provides a summary of the issues involved as ... More


Are there general laws in parasite community ecology? The emergence of spatial parasitology and epidemiology

J.-F. Guégan, S. Morand, and R. Poulin

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews recent advances made by parasite community biologists in dissecting the organization of parasite communities at different spatial scales. From a broader scale at which a big ... More


Community epidemiology

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The purpose of this book is to highlight exciting recent advances in theoretical and empirical research which has been conducted towards a greater understanding of the importance of community ... More


Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Herman A. Verhoef and Peter J. Morin (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Community ecology is the study of the interactions between populations of coexisting species. This book provides a state of the art in theory, models and applications of community ecology, with ... More


Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Many infectious diseases of recent concern, including malaria, cholera, plague, and Lyme disease, have emerged from complex ecological communities involving multiple hosts and their associated ... More


The biogeography and ecology of endemism

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores the biogeography of endemism and the population ecology of endemic species. The key feature of endemism is stated clearly: the majority of species have a narrow endemic ... More


Ant Ecology

Lori Lach, Catherine Parr, and Kirsti Abbott (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

From scorching, barren deserts to humid tropical forests, from deep in the soil, to high in the tree canopies, ants are everywhere! Comprising a substantial part of living biomass on earth, ants are ... More


Introduction: The Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic associations between plants and fungi are very common in ecological communities. In grasses, the hyphae of endophytic fungi (Family Clavicipitaceae; Tribe Balansiae) can be found growing ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book focuses on the influence of climate variability on the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full ... More


Community dynamics

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the very prominent succession of species that characterizes the communities living in temporary waters. It examines the important biological factors that influence these ... More


Subverting hosts and diverting ecosystems: an evolutionary modelling perspective

Sam P. Brown, Jean-Baptiste André, Jean-Baptiste Ferdy, and Bernard Godelle

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter argues that parasite-induced changes in host phenotypes can have a dramatic impact on the community structure of their free-living hosts. It begins with a review of host-manipulation ... More


Patterns, Questions, and Predictions

Walter K. Dodds

in Laws, Theories, and Patterns in Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260405
eISBN:
9780520944541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260405.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents some questions leading to patterns that can be used for predictive ecological science. It describes the utility of empirical and mechanistic models, neutral models, and natural ... More


Is biodiversity maintained by food-web complexity?—the adaptive food-web hypothesis

Michio Kondoh

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

How do diverse species coexist in the complex networks of prey-predator interactions in nature? While most theoretical models predict that complex food webs do not persist, recent empirical studies ... More


Ecological Opportunities, Communities, and Evolution

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book investigates how local and regional patterns of community structure develop across space and through time by focusing on the theoretical interrelationships among community ecology, ... More


Patterns In Nature: The Analysis of Species Co-Occurrences

James G. Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226292724
eISBN:
9780226292861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292861.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book is about the identification and interpretation of nature’s large-scale patterns of species co-occurrence and what we can deduce from them about how nature works. We present Diamond’s ... More


Ecology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how ecology and ecological communities affect both the life-history and evolution of the parasite and the host. Ecological communities consist of populations of different ... More


Some random thoughts on the statistical analysis of food-web data

Andrew R. Solow

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the formal statistical analysis of community food webs. Among the issues covered are testing for hypothesized regularities (e.g., constant connectance) in a collection of food ... More


Which Ways Forward?

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the important insights that can be gained from the synthetic analysis of evolution in communities. First, fitness, despite being commonly associated only with evolution by ... More


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