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Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter begins by discussing criminological scholars' concerns about the lack of integration across levels of theorizing, i.e. the failure of criminological theory to understand the connections ... More


Spatial Scaling III: Understanding Place Criminology and Hot Spots

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter uses the modified boat metamodel from Chapter 4 as a lens for examining the assumptions behind the “criminology of place.” The view here is that place criminology is useful for tertiary ... More


Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Ralph B. Taylor

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

For close to a century, the field of community criminology has examined the causes and consequences of community crime and delinquency rates. Nevertheless, there is still a lot we do not know about ... More


Three Core Community Crime Sequences

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the production of macro-level rates of crime and criminality, for adults and juveniles, and victimization. Understanding the causes and consequences of community-level crime and ... More


Spatial Scaling II: Metatheorizing about Community-Crime Linkages

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the spatial version of the Boudon-Coleman “boat” metamodel, which is used as a vehicle for metatheorizing about community criminology. The elaborated boat metamodel will be ... More


Temporal Scaling I: Cycles and Changes

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses temporal scaling in community criminology. There are two broad issues: the time it takes for a theoretically described process to cycle, that is, for a cause to shape an ... More


Spatial Scaling I: Relevance and Conceptual Importance

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is the first of three examining spatial scaling and its metatheoretical implications. Spatial scaling, generally, considers how thinking about relevant theoretical processes depends—or ... More


Selectivity Bias: Metamodels, Selection Effects, and Neighborhood Effects

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines selection effects. On the “input” side of the boat metamodel, these pose a formidable alternate explanation of neighborhood effects. More recently, this problem has drawn ... More


Integration and Metatheoretical Concerns: Is Progress Possible?

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter summarizes some of the broader purposes of the book. It then connects some of the main points highlighted with specific purposes. Further, it considers, in the very broadest terms, why ... More


Ecological Indicators: Model Comparisons and Establishing Meaning

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter highlights two conceptual roadblocks to systematic comparisons of competing ecological communities and crime models. First, key indicators in several communities and crime models are ... More


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