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Summary

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter summarizes the book's main points, covering game theory, the commonality of beliefs, the limits of rationality, social norms as correlated equilibria, and how reason is bounded by ... More


When May We Kill Our Brethren? Jews at War

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Jewish wartime sensibilities. As Jews began to serve in substantial numbers in the armies of Europe and North America, their patriotic inclinations clashed with their ... More


Presuppositions of Commonality: An Indexical Relativist Account of Disagreement

Dan López de Sa

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defends a version of the indexical contextualist form of moderate relativism: the attempt to endorse appearances of faultless disagreement within the framework in which a sentence at a ... More


Possible Returns: Deconstruction and the Placing of Greek Philosophy

Andrew Benjamin

in Derrida and Antiquity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199545544
eISBN:
9780191720598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545544.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter offers a critical engagement with Derrida's interpretation of Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus. Derrida's work is positioned initially in relation to Heidegger. By focusing on the topics of ... More


Milton, Natural Law, and Toleration

Jason P. Rosenblatt

in Milton and Toleration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199295937
eISBN:
9780191712210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295937.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Reading Milton's prose chronologically, there is no way to prepare for the differences between the last antiprelatical tract (April 1642) and the first divorce tract (July 1643) — or, for most ... More


Common Precedents: The Presentness of the Past in Victorian Law and Fiction

Ayelet Ben-Yishai

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199937646
eISBN:
9780199333110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937646.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Common Precedents argues that precedent constitutes a sophisticated and powerful mechanism for managing social and cultural change and that this quality accounts for its unacknowledged ... More


So, How Do Friendships Actually Work?

Geoffrey L. Greif

in Buddy System: Understanding Male Friendships

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195326420
eISBN:
9780199893553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326420.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines how friendships operate and are maintained. Men were asked how they were helped by their friends. Being supported, being listened to, receiving advice, and providing ... More


Do Women Feel the Same About Friends as Do Men?

Geoffrey L. Greif

in Buddy System: Understanding Male Friendships

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195326420
eISBN:
9780199893553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326420.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter poses the same question posed to the men to 120 women. Differences do exist between how men and women view friendships though there are also many commonalities. For example, women shop ... More


Reshaping white working-class identities: inclusive and progressive

Harris Beider

in White Working-Class Voices: Multiculturalism, community-building and change

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447313953
eISBN:
9781447331094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313953.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter will construct a different narrative on white working class politics related to multiculturalism and change. Commonalities exist with minority communities in terms of class, values and ... More


Contestants, Profiteers, and the Political Dynamics of Marketization: How Shareholders gained Control Rights in Britain, Germany, and France

Helen Callaghan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198815020
eISBN:
9780191853517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815020.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Political Economy

When two parties quarrel, the third rejoices, according to a well-known proverb. This book highlights the role of rejoicing “profiteers” in political efforts to expand market-based competition. ... More


Sharing Democracy

Michaele L. Ferguson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

It is frequently assumed that the “people” must have something in common, or else democracy will fail. This assumption that democracy requires commonality – such as a shared nationality, a common ... More


The Convergence of Judaism and Islam: Religious, Scientific, and Cultural Dimensions

Michael M. Laskier and Yaacov Lev (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036496
eISBN:
9780813041810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036496.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book offers a fresh examination of Muslim and Jewish cultural interactions during the medieval and early modern periods. The fifteen interdisciplinary studies assembled here investigate the ... More


Education and Social Unity

Jack Russell Weinstein

in Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300162530
eISBN:
9780300163759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162530.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Sympathy is built upon the imagination, which is cultivated by education. This chapter looks at what Smith means by education, giving particular attention to the passive cultural elements that inform ... More


British and African Literature in Transnational Context

Simon Lewis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036021
eISBN:
9780813038636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036021.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

African identities have been written and rewritten about in both British and African literature for decades. These revisions have opened up new formulations of what it really means to be British or ... More


Introduction: “We Are All Egypt”

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0000
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter introduces the problematic of the book via a reading of Western media responses to the Arab Spring. On the one hand, commentators read the protests in terms of commonality: either as ... More


The Allure of Commonality

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter reveals and interrogates the dominant tendency in contemporary democratic theory to presume that some kind of commonality is required in democracy. This claim may at first seem ... More


Imagining the Demos: Sharing Identity in Feminist and Democratic Theory

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter critically examines the belief that commonality gives meaning and coherence to collective identities. The belief that groups only have coherence when their members share some thing in ... More


Politicizing the Demos: Sharing Affect as Self-Conscious World-Building

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter critically examines the belief that commonality generates affective ties between citizens in democracy. That is, democratic theorists often argue that people care more for those who ... More


Pluralizing the Demos: Sharing Agency and the Dilemma of Democratic Exclusion

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter critically examines the belief that commonality – and common agreement in particular – is necessary to produce collective agency. According to this belief, when citizens disagree and ... More


“This is What Democracy Looks Like”: Protests as Democratic Imaginary

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter argues that it would be insufficient for theorists to adopt the view that commonality is the product of human activity. Democratic theory requires shifting from an orientation to ... More


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