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Color Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses why animals have evolved different numbers, ranges, and placements of spectral channels in their color-vision systems. It also examines the factors, such as water transmission, ... More


 What Is This Thing You Call Color: Can a Totally Color‐Blind Person Know about Color?

Knut Nordby

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The late Knut Nordby was a real-life counterpart of Mary: a color-blind expert in the science of color vision. This chapter describes the results of empirical research on color vision and other sense ... More


Color Vision in Goldfish and Other Vertebrates

Christa Neumeyer

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adopts a psychophysical approach to studying color vision and reviews the evolution of color perception in vertebrates. Color vision in goldfish is described as an example before data ... More


Sensitivity to Color Variations

Russell L. De Valois and Karen K. De Valois

in Spatial Vision

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A study of the visual system is often divided into topics which are then treated as discrete fields. Two of these are spatial vision and color vision. Such an arbitrary division leads one to overlook ... More


Advertisements 1: Visual Signals and Floral Color

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how color interacts with the other visual signals from floral size, shape, and outline in enhancing floral attraction to visitors. Visual attraction by flowers is linked to ... More


Evolution of the Vertebrate Eye

James K. Bowmaker

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the evolution of vertebrate “camera” eyes and concentrates on color vision and visual pigments. The vertebrate camera eye with a lens, a variable pupil aperture, and a ... More


Color Vision

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Color vision is trichromatic, as a result of three kinds of cone photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities. The output of the long-wavelength cones is subtracted from the output of the ... More


Social Color Vision

Mark A. Changizi and Shinsuke Shimojo

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence supporting the hypothesis that color vision is a kind of social vision, about the emotional states and moods of others. The argument from the first of the three main ... More


Light Adaptation, Contrast Adaptation, and Human Colour Vision

Michael A. Webster

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Visual coding changes or adapts its properties in response to specific properties of the prevailing stimulus. Adaptation adjusts sensitivity at multiple levels of the visual system and to multiple ... More


Spatial Vision

Russell L. DeValois and Karen K. DeValois

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book presents an integrated view of how we perceive the spatial relations in our visual world, covering anatomical, physiological, psychophysical, and perceptual aspects. The book discusses the ... More


Backgrounds and Illuminants: The Yin and Yang of Colour Constancy

Richard O. Brown

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Colour constancy is the tendency for objects to maintain stable colour appearances, despite considerable variations in the physical and neural signals mediating colour vision. Two major types of ... More


Colour Discrimination, Colour Constancy and Natural Scene Statistics *

Donald I.A. Macleod

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter relates the processes of colour vision to the characteristics of the natural environment. The reference to natural scene statistics relates the two main parts of the chapter — the first ... More


Surface Colour Perception and Environmental Constraints

Laurence T. Maloney

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter demonstrates that human surface colour perception can be modelled as algorithms that, over certain ranges of environmental conditions, manage to assign colours to objects that are in ... More


Functional onset of specific cortical modules

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses research results, mainly from the author's research team, providing evidence for the first stages of the neurobiological model, showing sequential onset of different selective ... More


What Birds See and What They Don’t: Luminance, Contrast, and Spatial and Temporal Resolution

William Hodos

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a psychophysical approach to studying the limits of the perceptual abilities of birds. Birds live in an extremely rich visual world that in many ways is similar to ours, but ... More


Segmental duplications and indel polymorphisms

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

In this chapter the theme of structural genomic variation is continued with a particular focus on segmental duplications. The origins and extent of segmental duplications in humans and other species ... More


The Universe of Human Color Experiences

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision is a significant capability of all animals, aiding them to interact in a meaningful way with their environment. With humans, vision is intervened by intricate mechanisms in the eye as well as ... More


The autonomy of psychology in the age of neuroscience

Ken Aizawa and Carl Gillett

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The implications of multiple realization for scientific methodology have recently been hotly debated. For example, neuroscientists have discovered distinct realizations for what appears to be a ... More


Normal and Defective Colour Vision

John D. Mollon, Joel Pokorny, and Ken Knoblauch (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The topic of colour vision is one that integrates research from psychology, neuroscience, biology, ophthalmology, physics, and genetics. How do we make sense of colour in the world, and how has such ... More


Middle Wavelength Sensitive Photopigment Gene Expression is Absent in Deuteranomalous Colour Vision

Maureen Neitz, Kathryn Bollinger, and Jay Neitz

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The deutan-type colour vision deficiencies, deuteranopia, and deuteranomaly are the most common types of colour blindness. A known cause of deutan colour vision defects is the loss of genes encoding ... More


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