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Against Etiological Semantics

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language but in which history is crucial. It argues that the etiological teleosemantics ... More


Color Vision

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Color vision is trichromatic, as a result of three kinds of cone photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities. The output of the long-wavelength cones is subtracted from the output of the ... More


What Do the Color-Blind See?

Justin Broackes

in Color Ontology and Color Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013857
eISBN:
9780262312493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013857.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses color blindness and how it can be considered a guide and test for theories of normal vision. There are a multitude of stories to be told about the physiology of the receptor ... More


“This backdrop of entrenched inequality”: Affirmative Action in Work

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter illustrates the conflicting approaches advanced by today's racial alliances on issues of race equality in the workplace, as on so many other topics—conflicts that include disagreements ... More


Prospects of the House Divided

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith

in Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142630
eISBN:
9781400839766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142630.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reflects on how Americans can achieve further progress in their long national struggle to reduce enduring material race inequalities. It first returns to the structure of American racial ... More


Color Ontology and Color Science

Jonathan Cohen and Mohan Matthen (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013857
eISBN:
9780262312493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013857.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and scientists have long speculated about the nature of color. Atomists such as Democritus thought color to be “conventional,” not real; Galileo and other key figures of the Scientific ... More


Non‐Etiological Mind‐Based Externalism

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language and in which history is not crucial. It argues that the asymmetric dependence ... More


Beyond Color-Blindness and Color-Consciousness

Mark Golub

in Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

This introductory chapter analyzes how color-blindness discourse functions simultaneously as legal doctrine and as political ideology. As doctrine, “getting beyond race” is the ostensible goal of ... More


Afterword: Contemporary Turns

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Even after his legal demise, rumors of Jim Crow's death were greatly exaggerated. This did not dissuade photographers from documenting the public dismantling of Jim Crow signs in the aftermath of ... More


Raw Feeling and the Intelligibility Gap

Robert Kirk

in Raw Feeling: A philosophical account of the essence of consciousness

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236795
eISBN:
9780191679353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236795.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter seeks to justify the contention that the notion of raw feeling is sound. It also makes clear what the intelligibility gap is. Another aim — the main one — is to develop solutions to the ... More


Remaking Racial Signs: Activism and Photography in the Theater of the Sit-Ins

Elizabeth Abel

in Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261174
eISBN:
9780520945869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261174.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Through carefully scripted and publicized acts of civil disobedience which were staged as a form of political theater, the protest movement finally succeeded in bringing down the Jim Crow signs. This ... More


Middle Wavelength Sensitive Photopigment Gene Expression is Absent in Deuteranomalous Colour Vision

Maureen Neitz, Kathryn Bollinger, and Jay Neitz

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The deutan-type colour vision deficiencies, deuteranopia, and deuteranomaly are the most common types of colour blindness. A known cause of deutan colour vision defects is the loss of genes encoding ... More


Constitutive Racism, Redemptive Constitutionalism

Mark Golub

in Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Equal protection law operates within a narrative structure of fall and redemption. Framed as a repudiation of race, color-blind constitutionalism appears to enact this redemption by aspiring to ... More


Defending White Rights

Mark Golub

in Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 5 analyzes how color-blind constitutionalism developed into a powerful rights-based defense of white political interests in the Supreme Court’s affirmative action and post-Brown voluntary ... More


The Lessons of <i>Plessy</i>

Mark Golub

in Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

This chapter traces the language of color-blind constitutionalism to its origins in Justice Harlan’s dissenting opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) and to the legal briefs of Homer Plessy’s ... More


A More Delightful Vision

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter describes color vision, color blindness, true color blindness, and the perception of color due to variation in human visual pigment genes. This chapter discusses variation in ... More


The Limits of <i>Brown</i>

Mark Golub

in Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 4 examines the rise of color-blind constitutionalism in the context of school desegregation and the Supreme Court’s post–Brown v. Board implementation cases. As typically understood, ... More


Is Racial Equality Unconstitutional?

Mark Golub

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190683603
eISBN:
9780190683634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683603.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Discussions of race in American law and politics have been captured by the figure of the color-blind Constitution. Whether embraced as an ideal of constitutional equality or rejected for perpetuating ... More


Metabolic Insurrection

Anthony Ryan Hatch

in Blood Sugar: Racial Pharmacology and Food Justice in Black America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816696178
eISBN:
9781452954233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696178.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Contrary to the biopolitical logic of metabolic syndrome, human metabolism is not, and has never been, a strictly biological phenomenon. Rather, metabolism is a site for the kind of biopolitics that ... More


A Social Constructionist Analysis of Race

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter outlines a social constructionist approach to the concept of race. The chapter argues that it is the most useful for interdisciplinary and popular debates about race and genetics. In ... More


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