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 Early Years: 1891–1914

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi was born in Budapest on March 11, 1891 to Mihály Pollacsek and Cecile Wohl, the fifth of their six children. This chapter describes Polanyi's family and cultural heritage, his ... More


SOFT MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter is inherently nonlinear stuff, this is partly because of the pre-eminent role played by the hydrogen bond and the hydrophobic interaction in the processes involving soft materials. The ... More


REPRINT THE TRANSMISSION OF STRESS IN AN AGGREGATE

S. F. Edwards and R. B. S. Oakeshott

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This paper considers the question of how stress is transmitted in aggregates. The macroscopic state of a powder is summarized by its compactivity X ≡ (∂ V/∂S). In aggregates where the particles have ... More


A SCIENTIST FOR ALL SEASONS

Sir Geoffrey Allen and F.R.S. F.R. Eng.

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the history of Sam Edwards within polymer physics from the early days of his exposure, through his insights in seeing what is important, bringing key new insights, inspiring ... More


MATTER IN DISPERSION

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses dispersed matter. Topics covered include disperse phases, stabilization of disperse systems, the Gibbs relation, adsorption isotherms, surface films of sparingly soluble ... More


Soft Matter Physics

Masao Doi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter represents a collection of materials such as polymer, colloids, surfactants, and liquid crystals and their composites. These materials do not belong to conventional classes of materials ... More


Recent Developments And Related Areas

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

in The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals: Phase Transitions and Structural Properties

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525509
eISBN:
9780191711756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses the interfaces between physics, chemistry, and other areas of study of the properties of lyotropic liquid crystals. It also considers interdisciplinary connections, in ... More


DIFFUSION PHENOMENA

Robert M. Mazo

in Brownian Motion: Fluctuations, Dynamics, and Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199556441
eISBN:
9780191705625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556441.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses several configuration space aspects of Brownian motion, in particular, problems related to diffusion. The Smoluchowski theory of diffusion controlled chemical reactions is ... More


Basic X-Ray Scattering for Soft Matter

Wim H. de Jeu

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198728665
eISBN:
9780191795442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728665.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

X-ray scattering is a well-established technique in materials science. Several excellent textbooks exist in the field, typically written by physicists who use mathematics to make things clear. Often ... More


Glassy dynamics and dynamical heterogeneity in colloids

Luca Cipelletti and Eric R. Weeks

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Concentrated colloidal suspensions are a well‐tested model system which has a glass transition. Colloids are suspensions of small solid particles in a liquid, and exhibit glassy behaviour when the ... More


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