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Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


Redrawing Ethno‐Social Boundaries: Phase I, 1939‐1941

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter traces the history of the borderlands under the Soviet rule at the beginning of World War II. To recast the borderlands into the ‘socialist’ mold, the Soviet administration used a ... More


Redrawing Ethno‐Social Boundaries: Phase II, 1944–1953

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter concentrates on the second Sovietization of the borderlands, which simultaneously involved two processes: military conquest and socio‐economic reconstruction via deportation, population ... More


The Fragmented World of the 1930s

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The central themes in this chapter are the disintegration of the international economy — de-globalization — which followed the onset of the Great Depression, and the path to recovery in the main ... More


Primitive Accumulation: 1850–1980

Ho-fung Hung

in The China Boom: Why China Will Not Rule the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231164184
eISBN:
9780231540223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164184.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Mao era development actualized the aspirations of generations of Chinese state builders who sought state-directed industralization since the late nineteenth century. The chapter also explores how ... More


The City

A. W. Price

in Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248996
eISBN:
9780191681172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers how Plato intends communism to transform the guardians, and how he expects that effect to carry through the artisans so that the whole city becomes a community of friends. ... More


The Destruction of the Agricultural Collectives and the Council of Aragon

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0050
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter returns to the spring of 1937, when the collectivization movement was coming under attack. Encouraged by the October 1936 decree which gave legal status to expropriations carried out at ... More


A Short History of Chinese Reforms

Khalid Malik

in Why Has China Grown So Fast For So Long?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078838
eISBN:
9780199081646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078838.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes the two major periods of reforms in China—the initial reforms (1978–92) and the period of deepened reforms (since 1993). After the chaotic phase of Cultural Revolution, ... More


The Revolution in the Countryside. Libertarian Communism in Theory and Practice.

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes how the peasant owners, tenant farmers, and sharecroppers fared during the collectivization movement that had shaken the small bourgeoisie discussed in the previous chapter. It ... More


The Human Environment

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the human environment is neither a made environment nor a found environment—it is a selected and transformed environment. The human environment is not the environment of one ... More


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