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Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In 1949, Romania's fledgling communist regime unleashed a radical and brutal campaign to collectivize agriculture in this largely agrarian country, following the Soviet model. This book provides the ... More


Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


Introduction

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter provides a background of the collectivization of agriculture in Romania. The collectivization of agriculture was the first mass action, in largely agrarian countries like ... More


The Soviet Blueprint

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the Soviet blueprint, which established the technology of collectivization that East European leaders followed, with variations, during the 1950s. As the first country in the ... More


The Village Community and the Politics of Collectivization, 1945–62

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the village social organization that collectives were to displace and the process of Romania's collectivization, from the 1945 land reform through the final celebrations in ... More


Creating Party Cadres

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Party and Securitate cadres who implemented collectivization, describing aspects of their recruitment, their work, and their life as activists. Party cadres had the task ... More


Pedagogies of Knowledge Production and Contestation

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents some of the language the Party created to carry out its mission—including categories that named classes, types of “enemies” and political insurgents, acceptable vs. suspect ... More


Conclusion

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter summarizes the main points of this analysis and seeks to extend it by addressing broader comparative questions about the socialist variant of modern state-making. The Soviet ... More


Redrawing Ethno‐Social Boundaries: Phase I, 1939‐1941

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter traces the history of the borderlands under the Soviet rule at the beginning of World War II. To recast the borderlands into the ‘socialist’ mold, the Soviet administration used a ... More


Redrawing Ethno‐Social Boundaries: Phase II, 1944–1953

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The chapter concentrates on the second Sovietization of the borderlands, which simultaneously involved two processes: military conquest and socio‐economic reconstruction via deportation, population ... More


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