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National Responsibility and Global Justice

David Miller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235056
eISBN:
9780191715792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235056.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as ... More


Moral Responsibility and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins by introducing the normative principle of responsibility, then surveys several relevant distinctions within the concept of responsibility (causal vs. moral, positive vs. negative) ... More


Ministerial Responsibility

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter examines how elite political actors are held to account. It examines collective responsibility, individual ministerial responsibility, and their personal accountability for actions not ... More


Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Tracy Isaacs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Genocide, global warming, organizational negligence, and oppressive social practices are four examples of moral contexts in which the interplay between individuals and collectives complicate how we ... More


Nations, Overlapping Generations, and Historic Injustice

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the question of the responsibility that present day generations bear as a result of the actions of their ancestors. Is it morally significant that we share a national identity ... More


The Function of Justice: Assessing Coercion

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a new account of the types of social relations that principles of justice are meant to assess. It argues that the function of justice is to limit the ways in which we may ... More


 Obstacles to Responsibility

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the main objections that might be brought against the responsibility argument. Chapters 1, 3, and 4 considered eight of these objections. This chapter evaluates eight ... More


Individual Responsibility for (and in) Collective Wrongs

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses concerns that, given collective responsibility, we might lose a foothold for establishing individual responsibility in these cases. Ought we be concerned about a normative ... More


A Community of Employees

Simon Learmount

in Corporate Governance: What Can Be Learned From Japan?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269082
eISBN:
9780191719257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269082.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter presents an analysis of the role of employees in the governance of their companies. There are two main perspectives on the relevance of employees for the system of corporate governance ... More


Collective Moral Responsibility

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophical approaches to collective moral responsibility fall into two main categories, individualist and collectivist. Individualists think of it as a reductive concept; collectivists think of it ... More


Being Responsible, Taking Responsibility, and Penumbral Agency

David Enoch

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Taking as the point of departure Bernard Williams' influential thoughts about agent-regret, the chapter distinguishes between being responsible and taking responsibility. The chapter argues that ... More


Collective Atonement: Making Amends to the Magdalen Penitents

Linda Radzik

in Making Amends: Atonement in Morality, Law, and Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373660
eISBN:
9780199871971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373660.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Can the reconciliation theory of atonement be applied to cases of group wrongdoing, including instances of historical injustice? Reconciliation is surely valuable in cases like these. Communities ... More


Introduction

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0000
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Introduction sketches four cases: genocide in Rwanda, the Canadian Red Cross’s mishandling of Canada’s blood supply in the 1970s and 1980s in the “tainted blood scandal,” global warming, and ... More


Ethnic Symbolism and Official Apologies 1

Jacob T. Levy

in The Multiculturalism of Fear

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297123
eISBN:
9780191599767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297122.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines symbolic ethnic politics: the politics of place names, group names, national symbols, official apologies, and other matters that do not affect the rights or resources of any particular ... More


Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Elizabeth Cripps

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Global climate change challenges standard theories of moral accountability. Many of us take it for granted that we ought to cooperate to tackle it, but where does this requirement come from? Climate ... More


Intentional Collective Action

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central aim of this chapter is to establish that collectives may have intentions and are capable of collective action. This claim is crucial to the broader claim that moral responsibility ... More


Resignations for Personal Fault: Political Errors

DIANA WOODHOUSE

in Ministers and Parliament: Accountability in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278924
eISBN:
9780191684265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278924.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Resignations are considered examples of individual ministerial responsibility, even if it was forced for political reasons. There are also indications in Parliament of undertones of constitutional ... More


 Ethical Directions: Implications of a Revised Theology of Freedom and Grace

Jennifer Erin Beste

in God and the Victim: Traumatic Intrusions on Grace, and Freedom

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195311099
eISBN:
9780199871117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311099.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the ethical implications resulting from this revised understanding of the self, freedom, and God's grace—implications that are relevant to trauma survivors and to Christian ... More


Hobbesian Skepticism

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter challenges “realist” skepticism about the applicability of fairness in a politically decentralized global economy. It argues that trade relations are not a situation of anarchy that ... More


Conclusion

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The conclusion emphasizes the overall philosophical goal of the book: to develop and defend a two level view of moral responsibility with an eye to accounting for moral responsibility in collective ... More


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