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Explaining Penal Regime Variation: Political Structures and Collective Agency

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents the theoretical basis for the study. It places the analysis in historical context, arguing that changes in American penal sanctioning were central to the remaking of American ... More


Pluralizing the Demos: Sharing Agency and the Dilemma of Democratic Exclusion

Michaele L. Ferguson

in Sharing Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921584
eISBN:
9780199980413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921584.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter critically examines the belief that commonality – and common agreement in particular – is necessary to produce collective agency. According to this belief, when citizens disagree and ... More


Imprisonment and the Democratic Process

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter identifies the chronic long‐term differences in American penal sanctioning, highlighting unexplained subnational imprisonment variation. It asks why the American states established ... More


Intentional Collective Action

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central aim of this chapter is to establish that collectives may have intentions and are capable of collective action. This claim is crucial to the broader claim that moral responsibility ... More


Collective Agency and Global Non-Domination

Fabian Schuppert

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

One of the most common objections to strong forms of cosmopolitanism is the charge that cosmopolitanism is unable to properly accommodate claims to collective agency and collective self-determination ... More


Collective Moral Responsibility

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophical approaches to collective moral responsibility fall into two main categories, individualist and collectivist. Individualists think of it as a reductive concept; collectivists think of it ... More


Akrasia, Collective and Individual

Philip Pettit

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Examines what is necessary for a group to constitute an agent that can display akrasia, and what steps such a group might take to establish self‐control. The topic has some interest in itself, and ... More


We Are, Therefore I Am—I Am, Therefore We Are: The Third in Sartre’s Social Ontology

Nicolas de Warren

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This paper examines the meaning and significance of Sartre’s concept of “the third” within the social ontology of the Critique of Dialectical Reason. Through an examination of three different types ... More


“The Pleas of the Desperate”: Magical Realism, Latinidad, and (or) Collective Agency in Ana Castillo's So Far From God

Marta Caminero-Santangelo

in On Latinidad: U.S. Latino Literature and the Construction of Ethnicity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813030838
eISBN:
9780813039213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813030838.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter discusses an argument in Ana Castillo's novel, So Far from God, in which she challenges the ubiquitous critical ascription of magical realism to texts by Latinos/Latinas. It also looks ... More


Introduction: Situating Dalit Women Within Rights and Development

Jayshree P. Mangubhai

in Human Rights as Practice: Dalit Women Securing Livelihood Entitlements in South India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198095453
eISBN:
9780199082650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198095453.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter introduces the dialectics of structural violence, resulting in Dalit women’s chronic resource deprivation, and their collective agency to secure livelihood resources as entitlements. It ... More


Pluralistic Functionalism about Corporate Agency

Waheed Hussain and Joakim Sandberg

in The Moral Responsibility of Firms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198738534
eISBN:
9780191801808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738534.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Liberal democracies today face many important questions about the agency of business corporations, but abstract conceptual analyses of “corporate agency” will not give us the answers. We need to ... More


Rationality in Collective Action

Margaret Gilbert

in Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199970148
eISBN:
9780199369898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970148.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Two senses of “collective action” are discussed in this paper. To begin, “collective action” is interpreted as a matter of people doing something together, and it is assumed that such collective ... More


The Unrecognized Consensus about Firm Moral Responsibility

Kendy Hess

in The Moral Responsibility of Firms

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198738534
eISBN:
9780191801808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738534.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The debate over firm moral responsibility has often grown quite heated, and this chapter suggests that the smoke of battle may have obscured some real gains. There are many issues yet to be settled, ... More


The Problem of Collective Agency

Kirk Ludwig

in From Individual to Plural Agency: Collective Action I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198755623
eISBN:
9780191816765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755623.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the problem of collective agency and divides it into two questions. The first is what the ontology of collective action is, and in particular whether collective action ... More


Consensus as an Epistemic Norm for Group Acceptance

Joëlle Proust

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the propositional attitude(s) involved in collective epistemic agency? There are two opposing camps on this question: the ascribers have defended an extended notion of belief, while the ... More


Cultural Melancholy: Readings of Race, Impossible Mourning, and African American Ritual

Jermaine Singleton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039621
eISBN:
9780252097713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039621.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

A daring cultural and literary studies investigation, this book explores the legacy of unresolved grief produced by ongoing racial oppression and resistance in the United States. Using analysis of ... More


Files and the Political Economy of Paper

Matthew S. Hull

in Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520272149
eISBN:
9780520951884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272149.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes how the inscription and circulation practices of files in Islamabad offices constitute a complex political economy of paper. It argues that the discourses and movements of ... More


Radio Fields: Anthropology and Wireless Sound in the 21st Century

Lucas Bessire and Daniel Fisher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814771679
eISBN:
9780814769935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814771679.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Radio is the most widespread electronic medium in the world today. As a form of technology that is both durable and relatively cheap, radio remains central to the everyday lives of billions of people ... More


Movement Synchrony, Joint Actions, and Collective Agency in Infancy

Bahar Tunçgenç

in Distributed Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190457204
eISBN:
9780190457235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457204.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Most human actions take place jointly with others rather than solitarily. In the context of such joint actions, it is often difficult to distinguish the boundaries among the participants. Who is the ... More


Some Types of Law

John Gardner

in Law as a Leap of Faith: Essays on Law in General

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695553
eISBN:
9780191741296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695553.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

this chapter is concerned with the classification of laws according to how they are made. This is already a philosophically partisan enterprise. Some laws, say some people, are not made at all. They ... More


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