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7 Conclusion: A Different Perspective

Adiel Schremer

in Brothers Estranged: Heresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195383775
eISBN:
9780199777280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter suggests that the rabbinic discourse of minut offers an important point of view on the social-historical meaning of discourses of identity more broadly. For minut, in Tannaitic sources, ... More


Equity and Justice

J. Mohan Rao, Ethan B. Kapstein, and Amartya Sen

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Economic and cultural globalization seem to have ushered in an awkward and potentially unstable period of transition for the world. Even if one supposes that free trade and unrestricted capital ... More


Parties at the European Level

Simon Hix

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the 1970s, academic interest in ‘parties at the European level’ has gone full circle. The story began in the 1970s, in the wake of the decision to hold direct elections to the European ... More


The Assumptive World of Welfare State Reform

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter develops the arguments about individual rational action and social and public policy discussed in Chapters 2 and 3 and relates them to social science theories of agency. It argues that a ... More


Third Sector–Third Way: Comparative Perspectives and Policy Reflections

Helmut Anheier

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Drawing upon a variety of analyses, this chapter constructs a taxonomy of competing approaches to inequality, social cohesion, and citizenship and proceeds to locate the Third Way as a hybrid ... More


The Endgame of the Negotiations and the Future of an Enlarged European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Ten new members, eight of them post-communist states, joined the EU on 1 May 2004. This chapter takes up three issues that will shape the future of an enlarged EU. First, the EU’s active leverage has ... More


The Question of Culture

Jacinta O'Hagan

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Considers the relationship between culture and international society, a question that subtly permeates the work of the English School of International Relations. Begins by examining ideas among the ... More


Democratic Delegation and Accountability: Cross-national Pattern s

Torbjörn Bergman, Wolfgang C. Müller, Kaare Strøm, and Magnus Blomgren

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the patterns of delegation and accountability in 17 Western European parliamentary democracies, over the post-war period. It provides information about the links between voters and MPs, ... More


Dimensions of Citizen Control

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, Torbjörn Bergman, and Benjamin Nyblade

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Representative democracy means delegation, and delegation implies the risk of agency problems. Parliamentary democracy is a particular delegation regime, a way to structure the democratic policy ... More


Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, and Torbjörn Bergman

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, we take a closer look at democratic accountability outcomes. The evidence strongly and broadly suggests that cohesive and competitive political parties and governments help reduce ... More


The Political Economy of Social Pacts: ‘Competitive Corporatism’ and European Welfare Reform

Martin Rhodes

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform; they explore the linkages between ... More


Ireland: Party Loyalists with a Personal Base

Michael Gallagher

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Irish political class is rather small, encompassing very few positions outside the group of elected national parliamentarians. Because of the distinctive electoral system with preferential voting ... More


Parties in Legislatures:: Two Competing Explanations

Shaun Bowler

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the degree to which parties still structure the legislative process. Party cohesion and party dominance within legislatures has usually been grounded in one of two explanations. One ... More


Social Determinants of Health

Michael Marmot and Richard Wilkinson (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The health of populations is related to features of society and its social and economic organization. This crucial fact provides the basis for effective policy-making for improving population health. ... More


The Theory of Multi-level Governance: Conceptual, Empirical, and Normative Challenges

Simona Piattoni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199562923
eISBN:
9780191721656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562923.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This book explores the theoretical issues, empirical evidence, and normative debates elicited by the concept of multi‐level governance (MLG). The concept is a useful descriptor of decision‐making ... More


David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Paul Borgman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The original audience heard a story shaped to their listening capacities, which for a print‐oriented audience presents special difficulties. In highlighting the reliance of David's story on ancient ... More


Cohesion Policy

Simona Piattoni

in The Theory of Multi-level Governance: Conceptual, Empirical, and Normative Challenges

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199562923
eISBN:
9780191721656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562923.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Cohesion policy has been the realm within which MLG was first theorized: it therefore represents a “most likely” policy case. It is also a distributive policy, which should encourage the mobilization ... More


Who Decides, and How? Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 1 briefly introduces the book's core argument. When MEPs make decisions on issues outside their areas of expertise, they adopt the positions of their expert colleagues in the responsible ... More


Committees, Parties, and Voting in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 3 demonstrates empirically how individual MEPs make decisions, how these decisions are aggregated and, by extension, how EP party group cohesion comes about. It presents analyses of EP voting ... More


Causation in a Structural World

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the idea of causation has similar status to ideas of cohesion, forces, and things. Appreciating the role of causation in a notional world is crucial to understanding the ... More


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