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Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Willem A. deVries (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

These chapters in this book were written to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Wilfrid Sellars's essay ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, a landmark of 20th-century philosophy. Ranging widely ... More


The Architecture of Theology: Structure, System, and Ratio

A. N. Williams

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236367
eISBN:
9780191728556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236367.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This work proposes a new reading of Christian theology. Examining theological warrants, philosophical debates over the structures of arguments, and the role of beauty in intellectual structures, it ... More


Warrant: The Current Debate

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its sequels, Warrant and Proper Function and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity, enough of which distinguishes knowledge from ... More


Value Judgement: Improving Our Ethical Beliefs

James Griffin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752318
eISBN:
9780191597541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752318.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book asks how, and how much, we can improve our ethical standards—not lift our behaviour closer to our standards but refine the standards themselves. To answer this question requires answering ... More


Warrant and Proper Function

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its companion volumes, Warrant: The Current Debate and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity enough of which distinguishes knowledge ... More


Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This work addresses the following question: What would be the consequence of allowing a representative of ancient Pyrrhonian scepticism to become a party to contemporary debates in theory of ... More


Epistemological Contextualism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that contextualism should be adopted as the best epistemological theory on the grounds that it represents the most satisfactory response to philosophical scepticism. It sets out ... More


Questions about Rationality

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces the key question for the discussion of Ch. 7–11: Why is it that the dichotomy ‘rational versus irrational’ can be applied to empirical beliefs? It uses this question in order to develop a ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Two False Dichotomies: Foundationalism/Coherentism and Internalism/Externalism

Ernest Sosa

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay lays out the rationale for two principles — ascent and closure — and shows how they imply further principles of exclusion and of the criterion. These principles lead to the “Pyrrhonian ... More


The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

David K. Henderson and Terence Horgan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book argues for several dramatic breaks with the epistemological tradition, while also arguing for significant continuity with epistemology as it has come to be practiced. At important ... More


Doxastic and Nondoxastic Theories

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sharpen the standard taxonomy of doxastic and nondoxastic theories, invoking two crucially orthogonal principles: the Belief Principle holds that only beliefs can serve as evidence for ... More


The Rationality Intrinsic to Faith

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 5 addresses the feasibility of Frei's likening his theological approach to the cultural ethnographer's task of "thick description." Some critics claim that Frei's borrowing from cultural ... More


And Not Antifoundationalism Either

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frei's appeals to the "givenness" of revelation-the claim, for instance, that all doctrines or theological assertions are directly or indirectly grounded in faith, or that faith is rational in that ... More


Epistemology and the Ethics of Belief

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The last three chapters have argued that there is no good reasons to doubt the possible historical truth and knowability of the incarnational narrative, but these arguments have been negative in ... More


The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Wolfgang Spohn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Ranking theory will be claimed to deliver the first full account of the dynamics of belief and to be the legitimate sister of probability theory. This entails its deep significance for fundamental ... More


Connections with Various Epistemological Accounts

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter surveys the relevant recent literature in epistemology with two aims in minds. First, the chapter wishes to show that the account of belief revision is orthogonal to, or invariant across, ... More


 Justification, Perception, and Consciousness

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter deals with the Agrippan justification trilemma. First, the account of justification that goes with the ranking-theoretic account of reasons is made explicit and related to various other ... More


Coherence as a Test For Truth

Robert Stern

in Hegelian Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239108
eISBN:
9780191716942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239108.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the coherentism of the British Idealism, and in particular of F. H. Bradley, is importantly different from the sort of coherentism familiar in contemporary philosophy. For, ... More


Systems and Models of Truth

A. N. Williams

in The Architecture of Theology: Structure, System, and Ratio

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236367
eISBN:
9780191728556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236367.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Theology's systematicity indicates the importance of surveying the structures of arguments. Debates in philosophical epistemology over the structures of reasoning and models of truth are considered, ... More


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