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Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Alan Thomas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book seeks to further the debate between ‘cognitivists’ and ‘non-cognitivists’ about the possibility and the nature of moral knowledge. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents the ... More


Art and Emotion

Derek Matravers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243167
eISBN:
9780191697227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243167.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

This book examines how emotions form a bridge between our experience of art and of life. We often find that a particular poem, painting, or piece of music carries an emotional charge; we may also ... More


The Cognitive Argument: The Epistemic Claim

Berys Gaut

in Art, Emotion and Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter and the next develop the cognitive argument for ethicism, based on the doctrine of aesthetic cognitivism. This comprises an epistemic claim that art can convey non-trivial knowledge, and ... More


Natural Goodness

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot sets out a naturalistic theory of ethics, which she calls ‘natural normativity’ and which is radically opposed to the subjectivist, non‐naturalism tradition deriving from David Hume and ... More


Moral Belief and the Possibility of Error

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A contextualist defence of cognitivism is open to the charge that it cannot supply a convincing theory of error for when moral judgements diverge. This chapter rebuts this concern: conditions have ... More


Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


The Case for Cognitivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the position of Wiggins and McDowell. This theory is fatally incomplete, rather than fatally flawed. It is a view of moral truth and enquiry that has been much misunderstood, ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


Internal Reasons and Contractualist Impartiality

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a proposal concerning the nature of practical reasons: that all such reasons are internal reasons. It is the first obstacle that was placed in the way of the Wittgensteinian ... More


A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


Non‐Objectivism and Internal Realism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the non-objectivist position. The non-objectivist argument emerges from an immanent, transcendental placing of the various ways in which we conceive of different areas of ... More


A Contextual Model of Moral Justification

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an application of contextualism in the specific case of moral knowledge. The overall aim is the final vindication of a contextualist account of moral justification that supports ... More


Art, Emotion and Ethics

Berys Gaut

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book investigates the relation of art to morality, a topic that has been of central and recurring interest to the philosophy of art since Plato. The book explores the various positions that have ... More


Cognitive Argument: The Aesthetic Claim

Berys Gaut

in Art, Emotion and Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter completes the cognitive argument for ethicism by defending the aesthetic claim. It develops the componential and the critical vocabulary arguments in support of the claim. It also ... More


 Knowing Spirits

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the ramifications that the attribution to Berkeley of a use theory of meaning has for the interpretation of the divine language thesis, the relationship between individual ... More


The Justification of Discourse Ethics

Uwe Steinhoff

in The Philosophy of Jürgen Habermas: A Critical Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547807
eISBN:
9780191720758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547807.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In his preliminary considerations Habermas tries to demonstrate the initial plausibility of his programme of moral justification. He then uses Karl-Otto Apel's “transcendental pragmatics” for ... More


Towards a Virtue Epistemological Account of Testimony

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a diagnostic account of the state of play in the epistemology of testimony, and proposes a virtue epistemological non-inferentialist alternative. This account depends on ... More


Cognitive Pluralism and Modal Metaphysics

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the metaphysical commitments of Cognitive Pluralism. Cognitive Pluralism, as a cognitivist/pragmatist thesis, is opposed to a native realism that assumes that the world divides ... More


Introduction

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the ontological, cognitive, and methodological foundations of language studies, discussing in particular the relation between realism and formalism and advocating non‐hardware ... More


The Case Against Cognitivism

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Cognitive theories of emotions are criticized. Cognitivism is shown to have two forms: reductive and doxastic. Each is found inconsistent with a range of important scientific findings about affects. ... More


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