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Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Craig Speelman and Kim Kirsner

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to ... More


 Psychological Mechanisms of Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with explaining how our cognitive psychology equips us for oppression, that is, what psychological mechanisms we have that allow and motivate us to oppress or suffer ... More


Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Robert W. Proctor and E.J. Capaldi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This book attempts to describe the influence of psychological processes on the creation of science. Although implicit processes have attracted some attention, most prior work in this area has ... More


conclusion: Religion Rethought

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

People believe what they shouldn’t because they have active minds that are continuously engaged in the construction of novel thoughts, and in the transformation of culturally transmitted ideas. The ... More


A new view

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further develops the Component Theory of Skill Acquisition. Halloy's theory of complex systems is used as inspiration for proposing a mechanism whereby practice on a task affects ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Joaquín M. Fuster

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book explores whether the mental order corresponds to the order of structures, events, and processes in one part of the neural order, namely, the cerebral cortex. For clarity and simplicity, ... More


Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes: The Case of Cognitive/Social Process Interaction in Scientific Groups

Susannah B. F. Paletz and Christian D. Schunn

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Research in the psychology of science has typically fallen into separate, isolated subfields within psychology. This chapter examines two models that tie together social and cognitive psychological ... More


Cognitive Systems and Demarcation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes a systems-based principle of demarcation. A state is cognitive if and only if it is the state of a mechanism that is a component of an integrated cognitive system. Informal and ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs: A Historical and Conceptual Perspective

Albert Ellis, Daniel David, and Steven Jay Lynn

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter traces the historical evolution of the constructs of rational and irrational beliefs and provides an overview of the empirical support and practical implications of contemporary models ... More


On the Cognitive Bases of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter develops an epistemic focal bias account of certain patterns of judgments about knowledge ascriptions by integrating it with a general dual process framework of human cognition. According ... More


Introduction: Culture and the Innate Mind

Tom Simpson, Stephen Stich, Peter Carruthers, and Stephen Laurence

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides a brief history of some of the theoretical strands that form the backdrop to contemporary debates among nativists about the evolutionary and cognitive underpinnings of culture, ... More


Approaches to Investigating Cognitive Aging

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how sources of hypotheses for the locus of age differences in cognition have often been based on models and metaphors in cognitive psychology. It considers the primary ways in ... More


Introduction

Anat Ninio

in Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of this book, which is to propose the integration of up-to-date principles of theoretical linguistics, cognitive psychology, and ... More


Recreative Minds

Gregory Currie and Ian Ravenscroft

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238089
eISBN:
9780191679568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Aesthetics

This book develops a philosophical theory of imagination that draws upon recent theories and results in psychology. Ideas about how we read the minds of others have put the concept of imagination ... More


Introduction

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins the case for how behaviour can be understood with just a small number of learning principles. Firstly the notion of learning curves is introduced, and common ... More


The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Kelly S. Mix, Linda B. Smith, and Michael Gasser (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In this book, we ask how space, language, and thought interact in learning and development. This encompasses not only how children learn about space and spatial language, but also how language and ... More


Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jerry Fodor presents a strikingly original theory of the basic constituents of thought. He suggests that the heart of a cognitive science is its theory of concepts, and that cognitive scientists have ... More


Applications of cognitive science to education

Henry L. Roediger, Bridgid Finn, and Yana Weinstein

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses five topics from cognitive psychology that can be directly applied to the classroom and/or to students' study strategies outside of class. These include: retrieval practice ... More


The Received View

Robert J. Matthews

in The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the eight basic tenets of the Received View, which taken together firstly present reductive metaphysical claims about the nature of propositional attitudes, ... More


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