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Evolution

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines arguments saying that the rationality thesis is an empirical truth. The general argument, based on evolutionary theory, is initially quite appealing, and many philosophers have ... More


 Explaining Distributions of Spirit Concepts and Spirit Possession

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 9 tackles questions concerning the apparently variable distribution and relevance of spirit concepts and possession (e.g. the high degree of women's participation relative to men's ... More


The Role of Racial Markers in Race Perception and Racial Categorization

Otto H. MacLin and M. Kimberly MacLin

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Vision

This chapter argues that race is so important socially, that a special cognitive mechanism sensitive to race via racial markers has been selected out through adaptive pressures within the ... More


The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


Philosophical Thought Experiments, Intuitions, and Cognitive Equilibrium

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Drawing on literature from the dual‐processing tradition in psychology, the chapter tries to explain why contemplation of an imaginary particular may have cognitive and motivational effects that ... More


Advancing the comparative study of linguistic and musical syntactic processing

Aniruddh D. Patel

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a response to the commentaries in Chapters 23–25. It discusses the importance of specifying cognitive mechanisms, the importance of advanced neuroimaging techniques, and the ... More


Music and Pain: Evidence from Experimental Perspectives

Laura Mitchell and Raymond MacDonald

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter highlights the experimental evidence supporting the efficacy of music for pain relief and for the cognitive and emotional mechanisms underpinning it. Although it is clear that induced ... More


Bayesian brains and cognitive mechanisms:: Harmony or dissonance?

Henry Brighton and Gerd Gigerenzer

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter considers the project of probabilistic rational analysis in relation to a particularly well-studied and simple heuristic, the Take the Best algorithm. The authors relate the tension ... More


Broca's Region

Yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Broca's region has been in the news ever since scientists realized that particular cognitive functions could be localized to parts of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the ... More


Response to target article ‘Language, music, and the brain: a resource-sharing framework’

Stefan Koelsch

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter comments on the discussion in Chapter 22. Although it largely agrees with the chapter's notion of shared resource networks, it points out that little research has analysed in detail ... More


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