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Imaging Cognitive Decline in Aging: Predicting Decline with Structural Imaging

Jeffrey Kaye

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The focus of this chapter is predicting cognitive decline or dementia in normal older people using structural imaging. Key questions addressed include the following: What are the major methods, both ... More


Structural Imaging of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Clifford R. Jack

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter describes the concept of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the initial construct of amnestic MCI as well as the expanded construct that includes both amnestic and nonamnestic forms. The ... More


Effects of epileptiform EEG discharges on cognitive function

Albert P. Aldenkamp

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the evidence on the cognitive impact of interictal epileptiform electroencephalogram (EEG) discharges. Such cognitive impairment has a direct or more remote relation to episodes ... More


Amyloid Imaging and (What is “Normal”?) Aging

William E. Klunk and Chester A. Mathis

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

One thing that has become clear from amyloid imaging studies is how early the full burden of plaques accumulate, often by the time a patient first develops symptoms. This finding brings with it the ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease

Maija Pihlajamäki and Hilkka Soininen

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The clinical spectrum of hippocampal dysfunction encompasses a wide range of neuropsychiatric symptoms. The present chapter aims at addressing the hippocampal involvement in the most common form of ... More


Paths to Alzheimer Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the adoption in the 1980s of the clinical diagnosis known as “mild cognitive impairment” (MCI). Formal recognition of MCI, the value of which continues to be debated in some ... More


The Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease with Positron Emission Tomography

Rachel Mistur, Lisa Mosconi, Remigiusz Switalski, Susan De Santi, Yi Li, Lidia Glodzik, Miroslaw Brys, Wai Tsui, Henry Rusinek, and Mony J. de Leon

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Reductions in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc), a measure of neuronal function, have proven to be a promising tool in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). FDG-PET imaging ... More


Cognitive Impairment

Giuseppe Zuccalà, Alice Laudisio, and Roberto Bernabei

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter starts by addressing the epidemiology and aetiology of heart failure (HF) with cognitive impairment. The clinical features and treatment of cognitive impairment associated with HF are ... More


Vascular cognitive impairment

John Bowler

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a relatively new term intended to encompass and replace the older concept of vascular dementia (VaD). Put simply, VCI refers to cognitive impairment of any ... More


NEURODEVELOPMENTAL MECHANISMS IN CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: THE EXAMPLE OF ABNORMAL SOCIAL ORIENTING IN AUTISM

Noah J. Sasson, Lauren Turner Brown, and Joseph Piven

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Individuals with autism demonstrate marked impairments in the perception, processing, and interpretation of social information. Recent findings suggest that abnormal social orienting may serve as a ... More


The neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence: neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies

Karen D. Ersche

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chronic use of stimulants and/or opiates has been associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits, involving domains of attention, inhibitory control, planning, decision making, learning, and ... More


Control of Symptoms: Cognitive Dysfunction

Laura Goldstein

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter looks into the nature of cognitive changes in ALS patients, the different symptoms associated with cognitive change, and the potential interventions that may slow the progression of the ... More


The Role of Longitudinal Studies in the Early Detection of Dementia

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Although the Seattle Longitudinal Study was designed to focus on cognitive changes in normal community-dwelling populations, it is inevitable that a prospective study of aging will eventually include ... More


Music Education and Therapy for Children and Young People with Cognitive Impairments: Reporting on a Decade of Research

Adam Ockelford and Kyproulla Markou

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews research on music education and therapy for children and young people with severe or profound cognitive impairments. It considers the findings of the PROMISE research project, ... More


Malformations of Cortical Development

Renzo Guerrini and Francesco Zellini

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Abnormal cortical development represents a major cause of epilepsy. Most such abnormalities may now be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), although some remain undetectable even with the ... More


Delirium

Shirley H. Bush, Bruno Gagnon, and Peter G. Lawlor

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0139
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter looks at a case study to show the desired skills, attitudes, and knowledge needed to diagnose and manage delirium in palliative care patients. It considers several issues such as: How ... More


Treating attention impairments: Review with a particular focus on naturalistic action rehabilitation

Norman W. Park and Erica Barbuto

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Treating attention impairments has received more systematic study than most other cognitive impairments because attention is frequently ... More


Structural Abnormalities in Parkinson’s Disease: MRI and Related Methods

Kathrin Reetz and Ferdinand Binkofski

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

The traditional role of MRI in parkinsonism is to exclude secondary causes of symptoms. Recent advances in MR methodology, including voxel-based morphometry, diffusion imaging, and inversion recovery ... More


The Psychological Effects of Early Institutional Rearing

Michael Rutter

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Institutional upbringing is seen to greatly affect psychological development in children. Despite the reduction in the negative effects of early institutional rearing observed in children ... More


The Cognitive Neuropsychiatry of Parkinson's Disease

Patrick McNamara

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016087
eISBN:
9780262298360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016087.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) suffer most visibly with such motor deficits as tremor and rigidity and less obviously with a range of nonmotor symptoms, including autonomic dysfunction, mood ... More


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