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Bioethics: A systematic approach

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

BIOETHICS: A Systematic Approach is an extensive revision of Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. The subtitle has changed in order to emphasize that what distinguishes the authors’ ... More


Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Laura Valentini

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While the lives of millions of people are overshadowed by poverty and destitution, a relatively small subset of the world’s population enjoys an unprecedented level of wealth. No doubt the world’s ... More


Possidius of Calama: A Study of the North African Episcopate in the Age of Augustine

Erika Hermanowicz

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236350
eISBN:
9780191717062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236350.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Possidius, the bishop of Calama, was a life-long friend of St. Augustine's and best known for writing a biography of the bishop of Hippo, the Vita Augustini. This book analyzes both the biography and ... More


Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Alan Wertheimer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Clinical research requires that some people be used and possibly harmed for the benefit of others. What justifies such use of people? This book provides an in-depth philosophical analysis of several ... More


International Society and its Critics

Alex J. Bellamy (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book is a major new evaluation of the contribution of the influential English School to international relations theory. It focuses on all the key contemporary and international political issues, ... More


The Function of Justice: Assessing Coercion

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a new account of the types of social relations that principles of justice are meant to assess. It argues that the function of justice is to limit the ways in which we may ... More


Justice and Coercion

Terry Nardin

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The problems caused by the US‐led response to terrorism addressed in Ch. 13 are looked at in more detail in the last two chapters, with the author offering here a novel reformulation of ‘justice’ as ... More


Introduction

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The purpose of this book is to explain how Christianity replaced Native American belief systems in 16th-century America. The use of the confessionario was important in Christian evangelization but ... More


Objections to Actual Contract Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In spite of its long history and evident appeal, an actual contract theory of political obligation now tends to be rejected. This chapter focuses on two standard objections to the theory, the ... More


Reproductive Freedom

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first establishes a strong prima facie Rule Consequentialist case in favour of reproductive freedom. Arguments against reproductive freedom are then examined and found wanting. Rule ... More


Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a collection of essays that interpret, examine critically, and extend Kant's moral and political thought on several important topics. The aim is to understand Kant, to address serious ... More


The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico

Jonathan Fox

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Democracy requires elections, but elections do not always guarantee the organizational autonomy that citizenship requires. Clientelism stands in opposition to autonomy, and its change from an ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Livid Coercive Hearts

Neil Websdale

in Familicidal Hearts: The Emotional Styles of 211 Killers

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195315417
eISBN:
9780199777464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315417.003.004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Chapter 4 focuses on eight perpetrators of familicide (7 male, one female) drawn from 77 cases (76 being male perpetrators) exhibiting a prior history of domestic violence and varying degrees of ... More


Europeanization and the Persistence of Administrative Systems

Edward C. Page

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Europeanization represents something of a paradox: at one level it is impossible to argue that the state has not been ‘Europeanized’ to some degree in various sectors; and on the other hand, there is ... More


Impartial Justice, Motivation, and Punishment

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is argued that a premiss of the fundamental moral equality of persons is built into the foundations of impartialist theories of justice. The inclusion of this premise means that the demands of ... More


Freedom

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians defend a narrow version of negative freedom. Hayek defines freedom as the absence of coercion, but this position is shown to be untenable. A more common view is that laws and other such ... More


Before Negative and Positive Liberty

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The negative conception of freedom as non‐interference and the positive conception of freedom as self‐mastery are not the only available ideals of liberty; a third alternative is the conception of ... More


The Right of Inmates to Work

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter argues that treatment and rehabilitation can be a mode of punishment only if it is required of convicted offenders, either in virtue of a legal sanction imposed on them or in virtue of ... More


Human Rights

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The purpose of this chapter is to articulate an understanding of basic human rights that is sufficiently clear and cogent to serve as the core of a justice‐based moral theory of international law. To ... More


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