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Parties and Democracy: Coalition Formation and Government Functioning in Twenty States

Ian Budge and Hans Keman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279259
eISBN:
9780191598883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279256.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties are the central institution through which mass representative democracies now work. This book covers four aspects of their activities at governmental level—the actual formation and ... More


A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Debraj Ray

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The formation of coalitions to achieve both collaborative and competitive goals is a phenomenon we see all around us. The list of examples of this phenomenon is long and varied: production cartels, ... More


Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Suresh Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book analyses the background and context of the reforms since 1991, while tracing the remarkable transformation of India from a slow-growing economy to one of the fastest in the world. It ... More


Introduction

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This introductory chapter describes the problem studied in the remainder of the book: what happens when a group of agents get together to write one or more agreements. If a subgroup forms a ... More


Parliaments and Coalitions: The Role of Legislative Institutions in Multiparty Governance

Lanny W. Martin and Georg Vanberg

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199607884
eISBN:
9780191729676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607884.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Coalition governments are the norm in most of the world’s parliamentary democracies. Because these governments are comprised of multiple political parties, they are subject to tensions that are ... More


Sidelined: From 9/11 to August 19, 2003

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278572
eISBN:
9780191604119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278571.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the fourth phase of UN involvement in Iraq, in which it was largely sidelined. Negotiations within the Security Council in late 2002 and early 2003 resulted in deadlock, and ... More


Crisis of Confidence: Annus Horribilis and a ‘Vital’ Role

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278572
eISBN:
9780191604119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278571.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines events in Iraq during the most recent fifth phase of UN involvement. Having been largely sidelined on Iraq in the fourth phase, the UN underwent a Crisis of Confidence between ... More


Actor Constellations and Interest Coalitions: Labor, Employers, and the State

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter discusses how the state, employers, and organized labor promote and reform early retirement policies. What interests do workers, employers, and workplace representatives have in using ... More


Normative Political Economy

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government can and should be actively concerned with the relief of poverty. But there is no ethical principle defining the proper distribution of wealth between occupational or other social groups, ... More


Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Paul Weirich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A theory of collective rationality identifies collective acts that are evaluable for rationality and formulates principles for their evaluation. This book argues that a group's act is evaluable for ... More


Discourse Versus Advocacy Coalitions: Interpreting Policy Change and Learning

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the second of two chapters that present a more detailed examination of the ways in which social constructions are produced and negotiated in public politics through the medium of discourse. ... More


The Northern Ireland Agreement: Clear Consociational, and Risky

Donald L. Horowitz

in Northern Ireland and the Divided World: Post-Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244348
eISBN:
9780191599866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244340.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Horowitz's chapter is critical of the consociational aspects of Northern Ireland's Agreement. It views the ‘grand coalition’ executive at the heart of the Agreement as unwieldy because it includes ... More


The Durability of the Party System in Chile

Alan Angell

in Party Politics in New Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chilean parties have shown a remarkable capacity for survival after years of turbulent ideological polarization followed by a prolonged period of clandestine activity during the Pinochet dictatorship ... More


India: Two‐Party Contests within a Multiparty System

Anthony Heath, Siana Glouharova, and Oliver Heath

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

India is the world’s biggest, and in many respects, most remarkable democracy. Despite vast social and linguistic diversity, its political system has been surprisingly stable and effective. India has ... More


Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism

Roberto D'Alimonte

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Given that Italy has had one of the few perfectly bicameral parliamentary systems (in which each house has equal powers), there are two different electoral systems to analyse. These electoral systems ... More


New Zealand: The Consolidation of Reform?

Jack Vowles

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

New Zealand experienced fundamental electoral system reform in the mid-1990s when voters, in a referendum, decided to replace the single-member plurality system by proportional representation ... More


Finland: One Hundred Years of Quietude

Tapio Raunio

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Finnish electoral system – which will be 100 years old in 2006 – enjoys a high level of legitimacy among voters, and is thus unlikely to be changed. Finland has one of the most candidate-centred ... More


The Appointment of a Prime Minister

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Normally, in a first past the post‐electoral system in which majority single‐party government is the rule, the sovereign has no choice as to who to call to the Palace. But, in cases of emergency—war ... More


Discourse Analysis

Maarten A. Hajer

in The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293330
eISBN:
9780191599408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829333X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Introduces discourse analysis as a way to analyse the policy process. Draws on two different discourse analytical approaches: the work of Michel Foucault and the social psychological work by Michael ... More


Accumulating Knowledge, Accumulating Pollution? Ecological Modernization in the United Kingdom

Maarten A. Hajer

in The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293330
eISBN:
9780191599408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829333X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Focuses on the history of the political problem of acid rain in the United Kingdom. Reconstructs two distinct discourse coalitions: a traditional pragmatic one and a coalition constructed around ... More


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