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Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Minoru Fukuda, Urs Rutishauser, and Ronald L. Schnaar (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In the past decade, there have been tremendous developments in the understanding of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of glycoconjugates present in the nervous system. These developments were ... More


Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

David E. Guinn (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book discusses the role of religion in a religiously pluralistic liberal society, namely the United States. Nowhere else in the public realm do the fundamental religious questions about the ... More


The NBAC Report on Cloning: A Case Study in Religion, Public Policy, and Bioethics

M. Cathleen Kaveny

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The report produced by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission at the request of President Bill Clinton, titled Cloning Human Beings, provides a good example of the two-pronged approach to ... More


“On One Path or the Other”: Cloning, Religion, and the Making of U.S. Biopolicy

Nigel M. de S. Cameron

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The series of policy positions of the US administration in the opening years of the “biotech century” in respect to cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the patenting of human embryos offers a ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


Religious Pluralism and the Politics of a Global Cloning Ban

Thomas Banchoff

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The failed effort to ban all forms of cloning in international law at the turn of the new millennium is an example of the new religious pluralism in world politics. The world’s largest religious ... More


Human-Sponsored Clonality

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cloning by human hands can mean many things. It can refer to the intentional clonal propagation, via recombinant-DNA technologies, of small bits of a genome such as particular genes or regulatory DNA ... More


Quantum information

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter addresses quantum information transmission and processing. Quantum noise is dominant in long-haul transmission lines, even for strong signals. Amplifier noise is avoided by using a ... More


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