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Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Minoru Fukuda, Urs Rutishauser, and Ronald L. Schnaar (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In the past decade, there have been tremendous developments in the understanding of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of glycoconjugates present in the nervous system. These developments were ... More


Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

David E. Guinn (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book discusses the role of religion in a religiously pluralistic liberal society, namely the United States. Nowhere else in the public realm do the fundamental religious questions about the ... More


The NBAC Report on Cloning: A Case Study in Religion, Public Policy, and Bioethics

M. Cathleen Kaveny

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The report produced by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission at the request of President Bill Clinton, titled Cloning Human Beings, provides a good example of the two-pronged approach to ... More


“On One Path or the Other”: Cloning, Religion, and the Making of U.S. Biopolicy

Nigel M. de S. Cameron

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The series of policy positions of the US administration in the opening years of the “biotech century” in respect to cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the patenting of human embryos offers a ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


Religious Pluralism and the Politics of a Global Cloning Ban

Thomas Banchoff

in Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195323405
eISBN:
9780199869237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323405.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The failed effort to ban all forms of cloning in international law at the turn of the new millennium is an example of the new religious pluralism in world politics. The world’s largest religious ... More


Human-Sponsored Clonality

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cloning by human hands can mean many things. It can refer to the intentional clonal propagation, via recombinant-DNA technologies, of small bits of a genome such as particular genes or regulatory DNA ... More


Quantum information

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter addresses quantum information transmission and processing. Quantum noise is dominant in long-haul transmission lines, even for strong signals. Amplifier noise is avoided by using a ... More


Classical cloning, expression, and purification

Jane Skelly, Maninder K. Sohi, and Thil Batuwangala

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The ideal protein-expression strategy for X-ray structural analysis should provide correctly folded, soluble, and active protein in sufficient quantities for successful crystallization. Subsequent ... More


High-throughput cloning, expression, and purification

Raymond J. Owens, Joanne E. Nettleship, Nick S. Berrow, Sarah Sainsbury, A. Radu Aricescu, David I. Stuart, and David K. Stammers

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

High-throughput sequencing of eukaryotic, viral, and bacterial genomes provides a huge database of proteins with potential for structure-function analysis. In response to this opportunity, structural ... More


Influences on Upland System Structure I: Aspen Woodland

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Aspen in western North America grows in clones, and reproduces from root shoots (ramets) that replace short-lived (100-130 year) trees. Elk browse leaves and low branches producing browse lines, peel ... More


Islamic Bioethics — Recent Developments

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The last chapter takes up recent advancements in medicine and biotechnology that have entailed forms of experimentation in which humans—especially the most vulnerable humans (infants, pregnant women, ... More


Genetics, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to research on human genetics and embryonic stem cells. It covers such topics as genetic engineering of animals and ... More


Finding genes and specific genetic variants responsible for disease

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

In this chapter different approaches to defining the genetic basis of disease are introduced including linkage analysis, positional cloning, linkage disequilibrium mapping and genetic association ... More


Shigetada Nakanishi

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Shigetada Nakanishi. Nakanishi's early studies elucidated the characteristic precursor architectures of various neuropeptides and vasoactive peptides by ... More


Hans Thoenen

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Hans Thoenen. Thoenen elucidated the mechanism of action of 6-hydroxydopamine that led to the serendipitous detection of trans-synaptic enzyme induction. ... More


Lineage analysis in the vertebrate central nervous system

Constance L. Cepko, Jeffrey A. Golden, Francis G. Szele, and John C. Lin

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on lineage analysis in the vertebrate nervous system. It begins with the definition of lineal analysis followed by a discussion of methods of lineage analysis. It then presents ... More


On Producing Human Embryos

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Although focused on cloning, this chapter considers the reality and nature of the early human conceptus however conceived, and considers the moral significance of arranging conception otherwise than ... More


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